Goryeo Timeline

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  • 918 - 943
    Reign of Goryeo founder King Taejo (formerly Wang Geon).
  • 918 - 1392
    The Goryeo Dynasty rules in Korea.
  • 935
    The last Silla king, Gyeongsun, surrenders to Wang Geon ruler of Goryeo.
  • 992
    The school system in Goryeo is centralised.
  • 994
    The Khitan Liao dynasty invades the Korean peninsula.
  • 996
    The first Korean coins are minted by the Goryeo Dynasty.
  • 1033
    Goryeo wins a decisive battle against the northern Khitan tribes.
  • 1097
    The Goryeo king, Sukjong, mints copper coins in Korea.
  • 1101
    The unbyong (aka hwalgu) silver vases are first made and used as currency in Korea.
  • 1102
    The Goryeo king, Sukjong, mints a second issue of copper coins in Korea.
  • 1126
    A rebellion led by the king's father-in-law I Jagyeom is quashed in Goryeo.
  • 1126
    The Goryeo kingdom of Korea submits to vassal status towards the Jurchen Jin dynasty.
  • 1135
    A rebellion led by the monk Myocheong is quashed in Goryeo.
  • 1145
    The 'Samguk sagi' ('History of the Three Kingdoms') is written by Gim Busik in Goryeo.
  • 1170
    The military stages a coup in Goryeo. King Uijong is replaced by his brother Myeongjong as a puppet sovereign.
  • 1219
    A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
  • 1231 - 1232
    Ogedei Khan leads a Mongol invasion into Korea.
  • 1234
    Movable metal type printing is invented in Goryeo, Korea.
  • 1258
    An uprising restores the monarchy in Korea and makes peace with the Mongol Empire.
  • 1285
    The Samguk yusa ('Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms') is written by Iryeon in Korea.
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