Golden Age of Piracy


The Golden Age of Piracy (1690-1730) refers to a period when robbery on the high seas and at colonial ports reached an unprecedented level. Although not all historians agree on the precise time frame, it is generally applied to those pirates who operated in the Caribbean, the east coast of America, the eastern Atlantic, and the Indian Ocean.

More about: Golden Age of Piracy


  • 1690 - 1730
    The Golden Age of Piracy.
  • May 1694
    Henry Every leads a mutiny and takes over the Charles II which he renames the Fancy.
  • 1695
    In London, Captain Kidd gathers a consortium of anonymous backers to fund a privateering expedition in the Indian Ocean.
  • Sep 1695
    The English pirate Henry Every captures a treasure ship of the Mughal emperor, one of the richest prizes ever taken by a pirate in any era.
  • 1697 - 1698
    Captain Kidd commits several acts of piracy in the Indian Ocean.
  • 30 Oct 1697
    Captain Kidd kills one of his gunners, William Moore.
  • 30 Jan 1698
    Captain Kidd attacks and captures the merchant ship Quedah Merchant off the coast of India near Cochin.
  • 1701
    The British government permits colonies to try and hang pirates themselves rather than ship them to England.
  • 23 May 1701
    The pirate Captain Kidd is hanged at Wapping Old Stairs, London and his body is left to rot in public veiw by the River Thames.
  • 1713 - 1718
    The British pirate Benjamin Hornigold is active in the Caribbean and North American coast.
  • 1716 - 1720
    The English pirate Charles Vane is active in the Caribbean and east coast of America.
  • 1717 - 1718
    The pirates Edward Teach (aka Blackbeard) and Benjamin Hornigold sail in consort.
  • 1717
    Woodes Rogers is appointed the Governor of the Bahamas for the first time.
  • 1717 - 1720
    The pirate Edward England is active in the Caribbean, Eastern Atlantic, and Indian Ocean.
  • Mar 1717 - Oct 1718
    The Barbadian pirate Stede Bonnet is active in the Caribbean and off the east coast of North America.
  • Apr 1717
    The British pirate Samuel Bellamy dies when his ship Whydah is shipwrecked off Cape Cod.
  • Oct 1718
    The two pirate crews of Blackbeard and Charles Vane enjoy a week-long party on Ocracoke Island, North Carolina.
  • Nov 1718
    The pirate crew of Charles Vane votes to depose him. They select John Rackham ('Calico Jack') as their new captain.
  • Nov 1718
    The Barbadian pirate Stede Bonnet is hanged in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • Apr 1719
    Anne Bonny and John Rackham steal a ship in the Bahamas and embark on a life of piracy in the Caribbean.
  • 1720 - 1722
    The Welsh pirate Bartholomew Roberts ('Black Bart' Roberts) is active on both sides of the Atlantic.
  • Nov 1720
    The pirates 'Calico Jack' (John Rackham), Anne Bonny, and Mary Read are apprehended in the Caribbean by the Jamaican authorities.
  • 28 Nov 1720
    Anne Bonny and Mary Read are tried for piracy in Jamaica and found guilty. Thier sentence of death by hanging is postpoend as both are pregnant.
  • 1721 - 1724
    The English pirate Edward Low is active in the Caribbean and eastern Atlantic.
  • 1721
    John Taylor and Olivier La Bouche capture the Portuguese treasure ship Nostra Senhora de Cabo at Réunion Island.
  • Mar 1721
    The English pirate Charles Vane is hanged in Jamaica.
  • 1722
    The pirates Edward Low and George Lowther operate in tandem in the Caribbean.
  • 1722
    At Cape Coast Castle, Guinea in West Africa, 52 of Bartholomew Roberts’ crew are hanged.
  • Jan 1722
    The Welsh pirate Bartholomew Roberts captures 11 ships of the West African coast.
  • 12 Feb 1722
    The Welsh pirate Bartholomew Roberts ('Black Bart' Roberts) is killed in action against the Royal Naval vessel HMS Swallow.