First Triumvirate Timeline

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  • 71 BCE
    Marcus Licinius Crassus crushes the Spartacus slave revolt in southern Italy.
  • 70 BCE
    Pompey and Crassus are made consuls.
  • 67 BCE
    The Gabinian Law is passed, giving Pompey great power to deal with pirates.
  • 67 BCE
    Pompey assembles a naval fleet and attacks Pamphylia and Cilicia, principally to repress piracy.
  • 66 BCE
    The Manilian Law is passed, giving Pompey great power to deal with Mithridates VI of Pontus.
  • 63 BCE
    The Roman general Pompey defeats the Seleucid Antiochus XIII and incorporates Syria as a province of the Roman empire.
  • 62 BCE
    Pompey returns to Italy, and disbands his army upon landing.
  • 60 BCE - 53 BCE
    First Triumvirate' between Caesar, Pompey and Crassus.
  • 58 BCE - 51 BCE
    Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul.
  • 58 BCE
    Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.
  • 58 BCE - 57 BCE
    Cicero is exiled from Rome.
  • 57 BCE
    A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
  • 56 BCE
    The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 55 BCE
    Marcus Licinius Crassus is made consul for the second time and departs on campaign in Parthia.
  • 55 BCE
    Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
  • 55 BCE
    Caesar attempts to invade Britain.
  • 54 BCE
    Caesar successfully invades Britain but withdraws to Gaul.
  • 54 BCE - 29 BCE
    Forum of Caesar constructed in Rome by Julius Caesar as another area to conduct judicial business. It is the best surviving of his monuments.
  • 53 BCE
    Battle of Carrhae. Crassus is captured and executed by the Parthians.
  • 49 BCE
    Caesar crosses the Rubicon. Civil war between Caesar and Pompey begins.