Edward I of England Timeline

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  • 17 Jun 1239
  • Oct 1254
    Prince Edward (future Edward I of England) marries Eleanor of Castile.
  • 14 May 1264
    Simon de Montfort imprisons Henry III of England and Prince Edward and declares himself king.
  • May 1265
    Prince Edward, future Edward I of England, manages to escape his captors and form a royalist army to try and reinstate his father, Henry III of England.
  • 4 Aug 1265
    Prince Edward, future Edward I of England, defeats the pretender Simon de Montfort at Evesham.
  • 1272 - 1307
  • 16 Nov 1272
    Death of Henry III of England of a stroke.
  • 19 Aug 1274
    Edward I of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1275
    The Statute of Westminster encodes 51 new laws, many based on the Magna Carta.
  • 1276
    An army of Edward I of England defeats Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, then Prince of Wales.
  • 1283 - 1330
    Caernarfon Castle in Wales is built, a project begun by Edward I of England.
  • 1283 - 1330
    Harlech Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1283 - 1292
    Conwy Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1284
    The Statute of Rhuddlan redivides Wales into shires on the English model of local administration.
  • 25 Apr 1284
    Edward II of England is born in Caernarfon Castle in Wales.
  • 1287 - 1290
    Edward I of England expels all Jews from his kingdom.
  • 1290
    Eleanor of Castile, Queen of England and wife of Edward I, dies.
  • Aug 1291
    A great court is arranged by Edward I of England at Berwick to decide the next king of Scotland: the Great Cause.
  • 17 Nov 1292
    Edward I of England selects John Balliol as the new king of Scotland.
  • 1294
    The Welsh leader Madog ap Llywelyn attacks and burns Caernarfon Castle.
  • 1294 - 1295
    Harlech Castle is twice attacked by the Welsh rebel leader Madog ap Llywelyn.
  • Dec 1294 - Jan 1295
    King Edward I of England is trapped at Conwy Castle over the winter by a force of Welsh rebels.
  • 1295
    Beaumaris Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1295
    Edward I of England recaptures Caernarfon Castle in Wales.
  • 1295
    England's Model Parliament meets for the first time.
  • Feb 1295
    Scotland formally allies itself with France against England, the beginning of the 'Auld Alliance'.
  • 1296 - 1299
    John Balliol, King of Scotland, is imprisoned in the Tower of London by Edward I of England.
  • 1296
    Edward I of England captures Edinburgh Castle.
  • Apr 1296
    John Balliol, King of Scotland, renounces his fealty to Edward I of England.
  • 27 Apr 1296
    John Balliol, king of Scotland, surrenders to an English army after defeat at the Battle of Dunbar. Edward I of England removes the Stone of Scone to Westminster Abbey.
  • 8 Jul 1296
    John Balliol, King of Scotland, is publicly stripped of his crown and royal insignia.
  • May 1297
    A small force led by William Wallace attacks and kills the English sheriff at Lanark.
  • May 1297 - Jul 1297
    A froce led by William Wallace attacks several English garrisons between the rivers Forth and Tay.
  • 11 Sep 1297
    A Scottish army led by William Wallace defeats an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
  • 1298
    An English army attacks Scotland.
  • Mar 1298
    William Wallace is knighted and made the Guardian of Scotland.
  • 22 Jul 1298
    Edward I of England is victorious at the Battle of Falkirk where 20,000 Scots are killed. Stirling Castle is regained.
  • 10 Sep 1299
    Edward I of England marries Margaret of France, daughter of Philip III of France.n
  • 1300
    An English army again attacks Scotland.
  • 1301
    Prince Edward, son of Edward I of England, is formally awarded the title of Prince of Wales.
  • 1301
    Yet another English army attacks Scotland.
  • 1304
    Another English army attacks Scotland and regains control of Stirling Castle.
  • 5 Aug 1305
    Sir William Wallace is captured by the English in Glasgow.
  • 23 Aug 1305
    The Scottish national leader William Wallace is charged with treason and executed in London.
  • Feb 1306
    Robert the Bruce declares himself king of Scotland.
  • 7 Jul 1307
    Death of Edward I of England from dysentery.
  • 25 Feb 1308
    Edward II of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey.