Azuchi-Momoyama Period Timeline

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  • 1568 - 1582
    Oda Nobunaga seizes Heiankyo (Kyoto) and is the dominant military leader in central Japan.
  • 1568 - 1600
  • 1571
    Oda Nobunaga attacks the Buddhist Enryakuji monastic complex near Kyoto.
  • 1573
    Oda Nobunaga exiles the last Ashikaga shogun, Yoshiaki.
  • 1575
    Oda Nobunaga wins the Battle of Nagashino.
  • 1576
    Oda Nobunaga instigates a 'sword hunt' to confiscate all weapons from the Japanese peasantry.
  • 1579
    Oda Nobunaga establishes a new headquarters at Azuchi castle.
  • 1580
    Oda Nobunaga attacks the Buddhist temple-fortress of Ishiyama Honganji in Osaka using ship-mounted cannons.
  • 1581
    The first version of Himeji Castle was built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
  • 1582 - 1598
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi is the military leader of Japan.
  • 1582 - 1598
    Oda Nobunaga and his successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi conduct an extensive land ownership survey across Japan.
  • 21 Jun 1582
    Death of Oda Nobunaga.
  • 1586
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi builds the huge Osaka castle.
  • 1587
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi passes his first edict to banish Christian missionaries from Japan.
  • 1588
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi prohibits commoners from carrying weapons, including swords.
  • 1588
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi rules that only full-rank samurai may carry two swords.
  • 1591
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi builds the massive Odoi ("Great rampart") fortification wall around Heiankyo (Kyoto).
  • 1591
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi redefines the class system of Japan.
  • 1591
    Samurai are no longer permitted to farm their own land making them dependent on their lords for income.
  • 1592
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi sends an army to invade Korea. It is not successful.
  • 1594
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi builds the Fushimi Castle outside Heiankyo (Kyoto).
  • 1597
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi passes his second edict to remove Christian missionaries from Japan and executes 26 Christians in Nagasaki.
  • 1597
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi sends a second army to invade Korea. It is not successful.
  • 18 Sep 1598
    Death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the military leader of Japan.
  • 1600
    Tokugawa Ieyasu wins the Battle of Skeigahara against those generals who supported Toyotomi Hideyoshi's son. End of the Azuchi-Momoyama Period.
  • 1603 - 1868
    The Tokugawa Shogunate rules Japan.