The Gezer calendar is regarded as the oldest Hebrew inscription as yet known. The inscription is scratched on a tablet of soft, chalky limestone and its lower part is broken and lost. The oblique fracture passes as square thought to have been made for a peg by which it was affixed to a wall. It has seven lines of horizontal writing and the eighth line was written vertically and only partly survives.
Père Vincent* interprets the signs as follows:
(1) Two months, late crops-Two months,
(2) Sowing-two months, spring crops-
(3) One month, cutting flax-
(4) One month, harvest of barely-
(5) One month, all the harvest-
(6) Two months, fruit vines-
(7) One month, summer fruits
The eighth line "Abi" is interpreted as the name of the person who scribed the tablet. Some scholars believe that the inscription is not a calendar, but a record which gives a rotation of agricultural labors, written for some unknown administrative purpose. It is also thought that the tablet was a kind of a scrap material and some of the signs belonged to earlier writings, which the scribe himself corrected.
Limestone. Circa 925 BCE. From Gezer (Tell el-Jezer), in modern-day State of Israel. (Museum of Archaeology, Istanbul, Turkey).
*Pasinli, Alpay. Istanbul Archaeological Museums. Istanbul: A Turizm Yayınları, 2012.