Ruins of Amberd Fortress


James Blake Wiener
published on 19 February 2018
Ruins of Amberd Fortress Download Full Size Image

Amberd Fortress, in the Aragatsotn province of Armenia, has a long and rich history. Its name translates as "fortress in the clouds" in Armenian, and it sits along the slopes of Mount Aragats at an altitude of 2300 m (7546 ft). Its strategic location above the Plain of Ararat made it a much-coveted strategic outpost. Although originally constructed in the 7th century CE by the Kamsarakan princes, the Pahlavuni, Zakaryan, Vachutyan noble families also controlled the fortress and expanded it further. It was invaded by the Seljuks around 1075 CE, but liberated by an allied Armenian-Georgian force in 1196 CE. Amberd was heavily destroyed by the Mongols in 1236 CE; Amberd was finally abandoned by the 14th century CE due to invasions by Timur (r. 1370-1405 CE).

Remove Ads

About the Author

James Blake Wiener
James is a writer and former Professor of History. He holds an MA in World History with a particular interest in cross-cultural exchange and world history. He is a co-founder of World History Encyclopedia and formerly was its Communications Director.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Wiener, J. B. (2018, February 19). Ruins of Amberd Fortress. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Wiener, James Blake. "Ruins of Amberd Fortress." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 19, 2018.

MLA Style

Wiener, James Blake. "Ruins of Amberd Fortress." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 19 Feb 2018. Web. 11 Apr 2024.