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Byzantine Floor Mosaic from Eastern Mediterranean
Image by James Blake Wiener

Byzantine Floor Mosaic from Eastern Mediterranean

This exceptional mosaic likely comes from the floor of a house or public building. It reflects the Late Romand and Early Byzantine taste for intricate and colorful designs. It dates from c. 325-350 CE and is made of limestone tesserae. The...
Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian  ... (UNESCO/NHK)
Video by UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Rock Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian ... (UNESCO/NHK)

The late prehistoric rock-art sites of the Mediterranean seaboard of the Iberian peninsula form an exceptionally large group. Here the way of life during a critical phase of human development is vividly and graphically depicted in paintings...
History of the Phoenicians: The Maritime Superpowers of the Mediterranean
Video by Kelly Macquire

History of the Phoenicians: The Maritime Superpowers of the Mediterranean

The Phoenicians were the maritime superpowers of the Mediterranean. Their culture flourished and was at its most powerful between 1500 and 332 BCE when Alexander the Great entered the region and decimated the cities and their populations...
Greek Colonization
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Greek Colonization

From around 800 BCE, ancient Greek city-states, most of which were maritime powers, began to look beyond Greece for land and resources. As a consequence, they founded colonies across the Mediterranean. Trade was usually the first step in...
Roman Shipbuilding & Navigation
Article by Victor Labate

Roman Shipbuilding & Navigation

Unlike today, where shipbuilding is based on science and where ships are built using computers and sophisticated tools, shipbuilding in ancient Rome was more of an art relying on rules of thumb, inherited techniques and personal experience...
Side
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Side

Side (pronounced see-day) was a city on the southern coast of Cilicia (modern-day Turkey) first settled in the 7th century BCE by immigrants from Cyme, an Aeolian municipality to the north near the kingdom of Lydia. Its name means 'pomegranate'...
On the Ocean: The Famous Voyage of Pytheas
Article by Thomas S. Garlinghouse

On the Ocean: The Famous Voyage of Pytheas

Sometime around 330 BCE, Pytheas, a little-known Greek merchant, embarked on an astonishing voyage. It was a voyage that would take him far beyond the known boundaries of the Mediterranean, into lands thought to exist only in myth and legend...
Herod's Harbor
Article by Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Herod's Harbor

Herod's Harbor was a giant port built between 22 and 15 BCE by Herod the Great (r. 37-4 BCE), Rome's client king. Situated on the lower eastern Mediterranean coast north of Alexandria and south of Tyre, with Rome's largess and building skills...
The Dolmens of Sicily
Article by Salvatore Piccolo

The Dolmens of Sicily

It is a well-known fact that Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean sea, went through a quite complex prehistoric period. So much so that it is difficult to navigate through the muddle of people that have followed each other over...
Pantheons of the Ancient Mediterranean: Crash Course World Mythology #7
Video by CrashCourse

Pantheons of the Ancient Mediterranean: Crash Course World Mythology #7

In which Mike Rugnetta begins our unit on pantheons, which are families of gods. We further define pantheons and talk about why they're important. Then, we discuss pantheons from the myths of the ancient Mediterranean, starting with ancient...
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