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Ships in the Ancient Mediterranean
Image Gallery by Mark Cartwright

Ships in the Ancient Mediterranean

The Egyptians, Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans all prospered in the ancient Mediterranean thanks to their mastery of the sea which allowed them to fish, trade, win naval battles and establish new cities far from their own coastal waters. In...
Prostitution in the Ancient Mediterranean
Article by Rebecca Denova

Prostitution in the Ancient Mediterranean

Prostitution in the ancient world usually referred to a classification of women and men who offered their sexual services outside the parameters of law codes for ancient society. The word 'prostitute' derives from the Latin prostituere ("to...
Same-Sex Love & Courtship in the Ancient Mediterranean
Image Gallery by Arienne King

Same-Sex Love & Courtship in the Ancient Mediterranean

This gallery explores the expression of same-sex love in the ancient Mediterranean through art. The Mediterranean was home to many cultures and societies, each with differing views on gender, sex, and relationships. Art was used to celebrate...
Marine Life in Ancient Mediterranean Art
Image Gallery by Mark Cartwright

Marine Life in Ancient Mediterranean Art

Throughout the history of the ancient Mediterranean artists were always keen to express their appreciation of the bounty of the sea. Marine life of all kinds, real and imagined, was frequently depicted on frescoes, pottery, mosaics and coins...
Sports in the Ancient Mediterranean
Image Gallery by Arienne King

Sports in the Ancient Mediterranean

Sports and athleticism was a cornerstone of life in the ancient Mediterranean. Hunting, dancing, gymnastics, and charioteering were favorite sports of the elite in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. The Greeks and Romans were especially...
Pets in the Ancient Mediterranean
Image Gallery by Arienne King

Pets in the Ancient Mediterranean

The history of mankind is interwoven with the domestication of animals. Dogs may have been domesticated in prehistoric Europe perhaps as long as 36,000 years ago. The first cats are thought to have been domesticated in Egypt, while the invention...
Mediterranean Trade in the Late Bronze Age c. 1400-1200 BCE
Image by Simeon Netchev

Mediterranean Trade in the Late Bronze Age c. 1400-1200 BCE

A map illustrating the late Bronze Age trade in the eastern Mediterranean seaboard as a region of increasing connectivity between the key players Pharaonic Egypt in the south, the Hittite Empire, Mesopotamia, and the Levant to the east, and...
Bronze Age Collapse
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Bronze Age Collapse

The Bronze Age Collapse (also known as Late Bronze Age Collapse) is a modern-day term referring to the decline and fall of major Mediterranean civilizations during the 13th-12th centuries BCE. The precise cause of the Bronze Age Collapse...
Caesarea Maritima
Definition by Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Caesarea Maritima

Caesarea Maritima was a city built over 2,000 years ago (c. 22-10 BCE) on the coast of the Eastern Mediterranean. With Roman engineering and largesse, Herod the Great (r. 37-4 BCE) accomplished this feat by constructing a whole metropolis...
The Western Mediterranean 264 BCE
Image by Jon Platek

The Western Mediterranean 264 BCE

Map of the western Mediterranean at the time of the First Punic War in 264 BCE.
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