Colonization in the Ancient Mediterranean


Mark Cartwright
published on 26 November 2018

Colonization of the ancient Mediterranean had been taking place since the Bronze Age, especially with Minoan and Mycenaean expansion, but it was the Phoenicians from the 10th century CE that really took the whole idea to a new level. The great Phoenician cities like Tyre established trading posts across the Mediterranean and some of these eventually became such famous places as Carthage and Palermo. From the 8th century BCE, the Greeks started to join the fun and established their colonies in Sicily, southern Italy, and even the Black Sea. Consequently, the food, politics, and cultural practices of the eastern Mediterranean spread further and further west.

The Phoenicians were great traders and great navigators, and this combination of skills almost inevitably resulted in them establishing colonies wherever they went.



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Questions & Answers

What was the significance of Greek colonization to the history of the Mediterranean region?

The significance of Greek colonization to the Mediterranean region was the spread of Greek culture such as pottery, olive- and wine-growing, architecture, and religious practices.

When did the Greeks colonize the Mediterranean?

The Greeks colonized the Mediterranean region from 800 BCE to 500 BCE. Greek colonies also established their own secondary colonies.
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About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a full-time writer, researcher, historian, and editor. Special interests include art, architecture, and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the WHE Publishing Director.

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