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The Temple of Augustus in Pula
Image by Carole Raddato

The Temple of Augustus in Pula

The Temple, situated in the Forum, was dedicated to the goddess Roma and Emperor Augustus. It was constructed between 2 BCE and 14 CE, when the emperor died.
Dioscuri Denarius, 211 BCE
Image by Tyler Holman

Dioscuri Denarius, 211 BCE

Coins of this design were the first issued by the Roman Republic after 211 BCE. This issue introduced a new weight standard that would be the standard for Roman denarii until the 3rd century CE. The front design depicts the goddess Roma...
Mask of Medusa
Image by Carole Raddato

Mask of Medusa

Over life-size marble mask of Medusa from the Temple of Venus and Roma in Rome, 2nd century CE. New Wing, Vatican Museums.
Forgotten History: the Romani (Gypsy) Migration from India to Europe
Video by Odd Compass

Forgotten History: the Romani (Gypsy) Migration from India to Europe

The Romani (colloquially known as the "Gypsies") are a community of European itinerants with surprising origins in northwest India. In this video, we explore the fascinating histories of two distinct Romani groups: the Roma and the Sinti...
Romulus and Remus
Definition by Brittany Garcia

Romulus and Remus

In Roman mythology, Romulus and his twin brother Remus were the founders of the city of Rome. They were the children of Rhea Silvia and Mars (or in some variations the demi-god hero Hercules) and their story is recorded by many authors including...
Colosseum
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Colosseum

The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre is a large ellipsoid arena built in the first century CE by the Flavian Roman emperors of Vespasian (69-79 CE), Titus (79-81 CE) and Domitian (81-96 CE). The massive arena held 50,000 spectators and hosted...
Venus
Definition by Brittany Garcia

Venus

In Roman mythology, Venus was the goddess of love, sex, beauty, and fertility. She was the Roman counterpart to the Greek goddess Aphrodite. However, Roman Venus had many abilities beyond the Greek Aphrodite; she was a goddess of victory...
Constantinople
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Constantinople

Built in the seventh century BCE, the ancient city of Byzantium proved to be a valuable city for both the Greeks and Romans. Because it lay on the European side of the Strait of Bosporus, the Emperor Constantine understood its strategic importance...
Roman Forum
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Roman Forum

The Roman Forum or Forum Romanum of ancient Rome was the bustling religious, administrative, legal, and commercial heart of the city from the 7th century BCE onwards. Made increasingly grandiose and ceremonial in function by the Imperial...
Martyr
Definition by Rebecca Denova

Martyr

A martyr is someone who voluntarily dies for either a religious or secular cause. The word originates from "witness" in Greek and is related to a witness in court testifying to one's beliefs or truth, despite the risk involved. As such, it...
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