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Crocodile Denarius of Cleopatra Selene II
Image by Roma Numismatics, Ltd

Crocodile Denarius of Cleopatra Selene II

Silver denarius from the reign of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 - 5 BCE). Obverse: Juba II with the legend "Rex Iuba" (Latin, "King Juba"). Reverse: Egyptian crocodile with legend "Basilissa Kleopatra" (Greek...
Juba II as Hercules
Image by Roma Numismatics, Ltd

Juba II as Hercules

A coin portraying Juba II of Mauretania (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) as Hercules. Obverse: Juba II as a youthful Hercules, wearing the Nemean Lion's skin. Reverse: Lion headdress and club of Hercules, with bow and arrow. Minted in Caesarea, Mauretania...
Ancient Rome
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Rome

According to legend, Ancient Rome was founded by the two brothers, and demigods, Romulus and Remus, on 21 April 753 BCE. The legend claims that in an argument over who would rule the city (or, in another version, where the city would be located...
Roman Coinage
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Roman Coinage

Roman coins were first produced in the late 4th century BCE in Italy and continued to be minted for another eight centuries across the empire. Denominations and values more or less constantly changed but certain types such as the sestertii...
Georges Bizet
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Georges Bizet

Georges Bizet (1838-1875) was a French Romantic composer best known for his opera Carmen and the instrumental music for the play L'Arl├ęsienne. None of his earlier operas had enjoyed any great success, and even Carmen took several months to...
Temple of Venus & Rome - Ancient Rome Live
Video by American Institute for Roman Culture

Temple of Venus & Rome - Ancient Rome Live

The colossal Temple of Venus and Rome was one of Rome's largest imperial temples. It essentially enveloped the Velia Hill, next to the Palatine and overlooking the Colosseum valley. Hadrian constructed this temple dedicated to two deities...
The Arch of Titus, Rome
Article by Mark Cartwright

The Arch of Titus, Rome

The Arch of Titus is a Roman Triumphal Arch which was erected by Domitian in c. 81 CE at the foot of the Palatine hill on the Via Sacra in the Forum Romanum, Rome. It commemorates the victories of his father Vespasian and brother Titus in...
Triumph of Titus
Image by Jean-Guillaume Moitte (Artist)

Triumph of Titus

A reconstructed relief panel from the original on the Arch of Titus, Rome, c. 81 CE. The scene, showing the triumph of Titus, is carved in three-quarter view and has Titus riding a four-horse chariot (quadriga) and shows him being crowned...
Discobolus from Hadrian's Villa
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Discobolus from Hadrian's Villa

Discovered in 1791 CE in the Villa of the Roman Emperor Hadrian (117-138 CE)at Tivoli outside Roma. The head, although ancient and found with the statue, it is not the original. Formerly in the Collection of Charles Townley in London. Roman...
Temple of Augustus in Pula
Image by Carole Raddato

Temple of Augustus in Pula

The Temple, situated in the Forum, was dedicated to the goddess Roma and the Emperor Augustus. It was constructed between the year 2 BCE and 14 CE. The frieze of floral motives on the architrave is continued around the temple. On its frontal...
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