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Greek Archaic Period
Definitionby James Lloyd

Greek Archaic Period

The Greek Archaic Period (c. 800- 479 BCE) started from what can only be termed uncertainty, and ended with the Persians being ejected from Greece for good after the battles of Plataea and Mykale in 479 BCE. The Archaic Period is preceded...
Archaic Sphinx, Athenian Acropolis
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Archaic Sphinx, Athenian Acropolis

Archaic period sphinx (6th century BCE), Acropolis Museum, Athens.
Greek Dark Age
Definitionby Cristian Violatti

Greek Dark Age

The Greek Dark Age is the interval between the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization, around 1200 BCE, and the Greek Archaic Period, around c. 800 BCE. The Dark Age era begins with a catastrophic event: the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization...
Ancient Greece
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands. Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature...
Cleobis and Biton
Definitionby James Lloyd

Cleobis and Biton

Two over-life-size Archaic kouroi (6.5 ft / 2 m) are housed at the Delphi Museum, and date to c. 580 BCE. Their names (Cleobis and Biton) are actually written on their bases, and the sculptor is given as Polymides of Argos: such inscriptions...
Kouroi by Polymedes
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Kouroi by Polymedes

Twin Kouroi of Argos - named Kleobis and Biton - sculpted by Polymedes (c 580 BCE), mature archaic style. Delphi Archaeological Museum, Greece.
The Grand Strategy of Classical Sparta
Articleby Paul Rahe

The Grand Strategy of Classical Sparta

In ancient Lacedaemon, as in all enduring political communities, there was a symbiotic relationship between the form of government chosen, the way of life that this form of government fostered, and the grand strategy that the community gradually...
Map of Archaic Greece
Imageby Megistias

Map of Archaic Greece

A map of the political structure of Greece in the Archaic Age (ca. 750 - 490 BC).
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Videoby Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy

Kouros (youth), Archaic Greek, c. 590--580 B.C.E.

More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=JCTPh_QDlCY Kouros (youth), Archaic Greek, Attic, ca. 590—580 B.C.E. (Metropolitan Museum of Art) Speakers: Monica Hahn, Brian Seymour
Ancient Greek Clothing
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Greek Clothing

Ancient Greek clothing developed from the Minoan Civilization of Crete (2000-1450 BCE) through the Mycenean Civilization (1700-1100 BCE), Archaic Period (8th century to c. 480 BCE) and is most recognizable from the Classical Period (c. 480-323...