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Archaic Greek Bell Cuirass
Imageby Dorieo

Archaic Greek Bell Cuirass

A Greek "bell cuirass" from the Archaic Period, made sometime between the 7th and 6th Century BCE. This cuirass came from the Greek mainland and was the antecedent to the later and more recognizable "muscle cuirass". This breastplate is...
Archaic Greek Woman
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Archaic Greek Woman

A detail from a 'Melian' vase depicting a Greek woman of the archaic period. First half of the 6th century BCE. (Mykonos Archaeological Museum)
Cuneiform Archaic Signs
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cuneiform Archaic Signs

Since very ancient inscriptions would often come to light during building and restoration work, Mesopotamian scribes possessed some understanding of the pictographic origin of their script. The text on this clay tablet is an attempt to provide...
Mycenaean Civilization
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Mycenaean Civilization

The Mycenaean civilization flourished in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1700-1100 BCE), peaking from the 15th to the 13th century BCE. The Mycenaeans extended their influence throughout the Peloponnese in Greece and across the Aegean from Crete...
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Videoby Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy

Anavysos Kouros, c. 530 B.C.E.

Anavysos Kouros, c. 530 B.C.E., marble, 6' 4" (National Archaeological Museum, Athens) Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker & Dr. Beth Harris
Archaic Burials in the Roman Forum - Ancient Rome Live
Videoby American Institute for Roman Culture

Archaic Burials in the Roman Forum - Ancient Rome Live

In the Roman Forum, next to the Temple of Faustina and Antoninus Pius (r. 138-161 CE) and Faustina, along the Via Sacra, 19th Century CE excavators discovered a burial ground dating back to primordial Rome: 9th- 6th Centuries BCE. An incredible...
Ancient Greek Sculpture
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Sculpture

The sculpture of ancient Greece from 800 to 300 BCE took inspiration from Egyptian and Near Eastern monumental art, and evolved into a uniquely Greek vision of the art form. Greek artists captured the human form in a way never before seen...
Acropolis
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Acropolis

An acropolis is any citadel or complex built on a high hill. The name derives from the Greek akro, "high" or "extreme/extremity" or "edge", and polis, "city", translated as "high city", "city on the edge" or "city in the air", the most famous...
Demeter
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Demeter

Demeter was one of the oldest gods in the ancient Greek pantheon. As a goddess of agriculture, she guaranteed the fertility of the earth and protected both farming and vegetation. This close connection with the earth was inherited from her...
Mycenaean Art
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Mycenaean Art

The Mycenaean civilization flourished in the late Bronze Age from the 15th to the 13th century BCE, and their artists would continue the traditions passed on to them from Minoan Crete. Pottery, frescoes, and goldwork skillfully depicted scenes...
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