Amen or Ammon, from a bronze in the Louvre. Height 22·04 inches. From "A history of art in ancient Egypt, Vol. I (of 2)" (1883).
Ammon is the name of a Libyan deity and his oracle in the desert. It became famous after Alexander the Great made a detour to consult the god. The modern name is Siwa. Oracle at Siwa Ammon was a Libyan deity, whose oracle was situated...
Amun (also Amon, Ammon, Amen, Amun-Ra) is the ancient Egyptian god of the sun and air. He is one of the most important gods of ancient Egypt who rose to prominence at Thebes at the beginning of the period of the New Kingdom (c. 1570-1069...
Alexander the Great as a God
The age-old concept of the “divine right of kings” allowed that a country's ruler received his or her power or authority from God. However, few, if any, were delusional enough to actually believe themselves to be a god. An exception to this...
Alexander as Ammon-Zeus
Silver tetradrachm from Thrace, reign of Lysimachus, 323-281 BCE. Head of Alexander as Ammon-Zeus. (Alpha Bank Numismatics Museum, Corfu)
Elephants in Hellenistic History & Art
Elephants were thought of as fierce and frightful monsters in antiquity, very real though rarely seen until the Hellenistic period. They were deployed on the battlefield to strike terror into the enemy, however, since fear was considered...
A marble Herme of Zeus Ammon. Roman copy of a Hellenistic original. (Capitoline Museums, Rome)
Jordan is a country in the Near East bordered by Israel, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia which was part of the Land of Canaan in ancient times. The country is named for the River Jordan which flows between modern-day Jordan and Israel and whose...
Map of the Levant circa 830 BCE
A map of Palestine circa 830 BC, showing the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, as well as the surrounding kingdoms and tribes.
The Empire of Alexander the Great
A map showing the Empire of Alexander the Great, his conquests, and the routes he took (334 BC - 323 BC). Major cities, roads, and battles are indicated.