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The Rams of Amon
Imageby Dreef

The Rams of Amon

Ram-headed sphinxes deposited in the first court in Temple of Karnak, Egypt. Before the temple was extended by the construction of the first cour and its pylon, these sphinxes were part of the original approach. When the approach avenue was...
Map of Ancient Israel
Imageby Jona Lendering

Map of Ancient Israel

A map of the ancient Kingdom of Israel and its neighbours.
Statue of an Ammonite King
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Statue of an Ammonite King

The statue is carved of hard grey stone. Both hands of this male figure are clenched. He wears an Egyptian style "atef" crown and a shawl over a garment in the Aramaic-Syrian tradition. Both legs stand on a pedestal of the same of stone type...
The Temple of Hercules, Amman
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

The Temple of Hercules, Amman

Parts of the Roman temple of Hercules have survived. The temple lies within the Amman Citadel (Jabal al-Qal'a), modern-day Amman city, Jordan. It dates back to the 2nd century CE.
Alexander the Great
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon, known as Alexander the Great (l. 20 or 21 July 356 BCE – 10 or 11 June 323 BCE, r. 336-323 BCE), was the son of King Philip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 BCE). He became king upon his father's death in 336 BCE and went...
Book of Amos
Definitionby Jimmy Issa

Book of Amos

The Book of Amos is a prophetic book of the Hebrew Bible largely dating to the 8th century BCE and considered to be scripture by modern-day Jews and Christians. The work chronicles the visions that the ancient author of this book believed...
Diodorus Siculus' Account of the Life of Semiramis
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Diodorus Siculus' Account of the Life of Semiramis

Semiramis is the semi-divine Warrior-Queen of Assyria, whose reign is most clearly documented by the Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (90-30 BCE) in his great work Bibliotheca Historica ("Historical Library") written over thirty...
Solomon
Definitionby John S. Knox

Solomon

According to biblical tradition (and some say myth), King Solomon was the third and last king in the ancient United Kingdom of Israel. Other faiths, such as Islam and Rastafarianism, also embrace the notion of Solomon as a sagacious king...
Moabite Stone [Mesha Stele]
Definitionby William Brown

Moabite Stone [Mesha Stele]

The Moabite Stone, otherwise known as the Mesha Stele, contains an ancient inscription by Mesha, King of Moab during the late 9th century BCE, elements of which match events in the Hebrew Bible. The inscription describes two aspects of how...
Ptolemy I
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Ptolemy I

Ptolemy I Soter (366-282 BCE) was one of the successor kings to the empire of Alexander the Great. He served not only as king of Egypt but also the founder of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a dynasty which included the infamous Cleopatra VII...