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Calligraphic Depiction of Ali as a Lion
Imageby Ishvara7

Calligraphic Depiction of Ali as a Lion

Shiite calligraphy depicting Caliph Ali (r. 656-661 CE) as the Lion of God.
Minaret Top, Ali Mosque, Isfahan
Imageby Bruce Allardice (used with permission)

Minaret Top, Ali Mosque, Isfahan

The minaret of the Ali Mosque Manar, Isfahan, Iran (1118-1157 CE). Erected during the reign of Seljuk sultan Sanjar (118-1157 CE). Decorated by two balconies. The shaft below the balconies embellished with interlocking stars in recess, altering...
Minaret, Ali Mosque, Isfahan
Imageby Bruce Allardice (used with permission)

Minaret, Ali Mosque, Isfahan

The minaret of the Ali Mosque, Isfahan, Iran. Erected during the reign of Seljuk sultan Sanjar (118-1157 CE). Decorated by two balconies. The shaft below the balconies embellished with interlocking stars in recess, altering to a diamond pattern...
Gold Coin of Mamluk Sultan Al-Mansur Ali
Imageby American Numismatic Society

Gold Coin of Mamluk Sultan Al-Mansur Ali

Gold dinar of Mamluk sultan al-Mansur Ali minted in Cairo in 1258/59 CE.
Umar
Definitionby Syed Muhammad Khan

Umar

Umar ibn al-Khattab (r. 634-644 CE) was the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate (632-661 CE, as the first four caliphs are referred to by the Sunni Muslims). He was an early convert of Islam and one of the close companions of the Islamic...
Anahita
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Anahita

Anahita is the ancient Persian goddess of fertility, water, health and healing, and wisdom. Owing to her association with life-giving properties, she also came to be connected with ancient Persian warfare as soldiers would pray to her for...
Ridda Wars
Definitionby Syed Muhammad Khan

Ridda Wars

The Ridda Wars or the Wars of Apostasy (632-633 CE) were a series of military engagements between the armies of the Rashidun Caliphate (632-661 CE) and the renegade tribes of Arabia. The rebels had renounced their allegiance with the nascent...
The Spread of Islam in Ancient Africa
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Spread of Islam in Ancient Africa

Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated...
Early Muslim Conquests (622-656 CE)
Articleby Syed Muhammad Khan

Early Muslim Conquests (622-656 CE)

Islam arose as a religious and socio-political force in Arabia in the 7th century CE (610 CE onwards). The Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE), despite facing resistance and persecution, amassed a huge following and started building...
Never Seen: The Trace of a Jewish Spirit from Mesopotamia
Articleby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Never Seen: The Trace of a Jewish Spirit from Mesopotamia

The Story Begins from a Dead End August 25, 2015 was a very hot day of summer but its omen was a very promising one! That day, I was with my friend, Mr. Hashim Hama Abdulla, director of the Sulaymaniyah Museum in Iraq, walking in the main...
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