Ancient Societies

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3832 / $18000

Collection

Mark Cartwright
by
published on 25 October 2019

In this collection of resources, we look at ancient societies and examine who was at the top of the social ladder, who were the climbers and who were at the very bottom. In places like ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome men largely dominated all aspects of the culture in public life but women had an important role to play in the family home and ensured the next generation got the best start in life. Slaves were everywhere and enjoyed few rights but they made such societies function, not only producing goods and services but also allowing citizens the time to indulge in politics, philosophy, war and leisure activities.

In some societies, certain people had perhaps a surprisingly high status such as the scribes of ancient Egypt, while in Carthage immigrants from the old Phoenician cities had more rights than other foreigners, and the practical-minded Aztecs gave an elevated status to farmers who also had knowledge of seeding and transplanting crops. In short, ancient societies, with their many varied classes and often cosmopolitan populations, were every bit as complex as any modern society, indeed, with their myriad forms of institutionalised favouritism and prejudices, perhaps even more so.

Videos

Images

3D Images

Subscribe to this author

About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a full-time writer, researcher, historian, and editor. Special interests include art, architecture, and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the WHE Publishing Director.

Free for the World, Supported by You

World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit organization. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.

Become a Member  

Membership