Religions of the World


Joshua J. Mark
published on 07 April 2024

Religion has always been an integral aspect of the human condition. Archaeological evidence strongly suggests religious practices dating back to c. 60,000 BCE and it seems probable that belief in an unseen spiritual world developed independently in cultures around the world from Mesopotamia to Mesoamerica. Religion continues to hold the same significance for many today as in the past.

This collection presents a sampling of the major religions of the world but is only a brief survey. Ancient beliefs such as Roman Religion, Religion in Ancient China, Ancient Egyptian Religion, are touched on briefly while others are given a more lengthy treatment and still others, including Sikhism, the Baha’i Faith, Druze, and the spiritual beliefs of the Native Peoples of North America are omitted as the pieces are yet to be written.



Questions & Answers

What are the top five major religions in the world?

The top five major religions in the world are Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, and Buddhism.

What is the most popular religion in the world?

The most popular religion in the world is Christianity.

What percentage of the world's population is non-religious?

According to surveys, approximately 15% of the world's population is non-religious, including those who self-identify as "spiritual" but not religious, agnostics, and atheists.

What was the first religion in the world?

The first religion in the world was most likely a form of animism, a belief in a higher, supernatural power or powers and spirits which animate the natural world. The oldest religion still practiced today is Hinduism.
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About the Author

Joshua J. Mark
Joshua J. Mark is World History Encyclopedia's co-founder and Content Director. He was previously a professor at Marist College (NY) where he taught history, philosophy, literature, and writing. He has traveled extensively and lived in Greece and Germany.

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