Kingdoms & Empires of Ancient Mesopotamia


Jan van der Crabben
published on 09 June 2023

The region of ancient Mesopotamia was home to several key kingdoms and empires that left a lasting impact on the region and influenced future civilizations.

One of the earliest empires was the Akkadian Empire, established by Sargon the Great around 2334 BCE. Following their decline, the Babylonian Empire emerged, reaching its zenith under Hammurabi in the 18th century BCE. The Assyrian Empire followed by expanding aggressively and establishing one of the largest empires in history by the 8th century BCE. Lastly, the Neo-Babylonian Empire, led by Nebuchadnezzar II, emerged and famously conquered Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites.

While these great empires played pivotal roles in shaping political, social, and cultural developments in the region and beyond, there were many smaller kingdoms and city-states that wielded considerable power at different points in history.



About the Author

Jan van der Crabben
Jan is the Founder and CEO of World History Encyclopedia. He holds an MA War Studies from King's College, and he has worked in the field of history-related digital media since 2006.

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