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El Tajín is a pre-Columbian archeological site and one of the largest and most important cities of the Classic era of Mesoamerica. A part of the Classic Veracruz culture. The archeological site is known by the local Totonacs, whose ancestors may also have built the city, as El Tajín, which was said to mean "of thunder or lightning bolt". Related to this is their belief that twelve old thunderstorm deities, known as Tajín, still inhabit the ruins.
El Tajín was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1992, because of its historical significance and architecture and engineering. "Its architecture, which is unique in Mesoamerica, is characterized by elaborate carved reliefs on the columns and frieze. The 'Pyramid of the Niches', a masterpiece of ancient Mexican and American architecture, reveals the astronomical and symbolic significance of the buildings." The site is one of the most important in Mexico and the most important in the state of Veracruz.
The Totonac people resided in the eastern coastal and mountainous regions of Mexico at the time of the Spanish arrival in 1519. Today they reside in the states of Veracruz, Puebla, and Hidalgo. They are one of the possible builders of the Pre-Columbian city of El Tajín, and further maintained quarters in Teotihuacán.
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Cite This Work
Luna, J. L. (2016, June 14). El Tajín—Veracruz—Mexico. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/880/el-tajin--veracruz--mexico/
Luna, Jose Luis. "El Tajín—Veracruz—Mexico." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 14, 2016. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/880/el-tajin--veracruz--mexico/.
Luna, Jose Luis. "El Tajín—Veracruz—Mexico." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 14 Jun 2016. Web. 30 Jul 2021.