The Ancient Romans at War - Warfare and Strategy


Kelly Macquire
by and
published on 26 June 2023

Roman Warfare was remarkably successful over many centuries and across many territories. This was due to several important factors. Italy was a peninsula not easily attacked, there was a huge pool of fighting men to draw upon, a disciplined and innovative army, a centralised command and line of supply, expert engineers, and effective diplomacy through a network of allies.

Further, Rome’s allies not only supplied, equipped and paid for additional men but they also supplied vital materials such as grain and ships. In addition, the Romans had an inclusive approach to conquered peoples which allowed for the strengthening and broadening of the Roman power and logistical bases. On top of all this, Rome was more or less in a continuous state of war or readiness for it and believed absolutely in the necessity of defending and imposing on others what she firmly believed was her cultural superiority.



0:00​ Introduction
0:51 Introduction to Ancient Roman Warfare
1:56 Kingdom of Rome & Republic
4:05 The Imperial Military
5:23 Structure & Command
6:34 Naval Warfare
7:25 Strategies & Logistics
8:38 Victories & Spoils
9:50 Outro

Roman Warfare
Roman Naval Warfare
Roman Siege Warfare
Roman Artillery
Roman Cavalry

Ancient Rome Playlist
The Ancient History of Roman Britain
The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire
Pax Romana or the Roman Peace Explained
An Introduction to Ancient Roman Literature

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here -

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

World History Encyclopedia

#history #ancientrome #romanhistory #ancientwars

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2023, June 26). The Ancient Romans at War - Warfare and Strategy. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Ancient Romans at War - Warfare and Strategy." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 26, 2023.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Ancient Romans at War - Warfare and Strategy." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 26 Jun 2023. Web. 26 May 2024.