The Greek Myth of Theseus, Ariadne and the Minotaur

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Kelly Macquire
published on 05 February 2023

Theseus was the legendary hero-king of Athens who had both mortal and divine lineage as the son of the mortal Aethra of Troezen, and either the god of the sea, Poseidon, or Aegeus the king of Athens. Theseus grew up in Troezen in the northeast Peloponnese where his grandfather was king, and when he was grown, he headed to Athens. It wasn’t an easy journey for him and he had to battle six monsters and villains along the way - The Six Labours of Theseus - which established him as a hero.

Despite his heroism before even reaching Athens, Theseus’ greatest challenge was yet to come, in the form of the Minotaur. Upon his arrival at Crete, Ariadne, the daughter of King Minos, fell in love with the hero and she promised that she would help him if only he would take her away with him, and marry her. Theseus agreed, and in return, Ariadne gave the hero a sword and a ball of string to use to guide him through the winding passages of the labyrinth.



0:00​ Introduction
1:01 Early Life and the Labours of Theseus
5:09 Theseus, Ariadne and the Minotaur
8:39 Theseus after his Return to Athens
11:22 Significance and Art of the Hero Theseus
12:44 Outro

Theseus & the Minotaur: More Than a Myth?–the-minotaur-more-than-a-myth/

The Greek Hero Bellerophon and his Flying Horse Pegasus
Dionysus the God of Wine, Festivity, and Theatre
Atalanta, a Huntress and Heroine of Greek Mythology
Poseidon the Ancient Greek God of the Sea and Horses

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here -

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

World History Encyclopedia

#theseus #greekmythology #ancientgreece

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2023, February 05). The Greek Myth of Theseus, Ariadne and the Minotaur. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Greek Myth of Theseus, Ariadne and the Minotaur." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 05, 2023.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Greek Myth of Theseus, Ariadne and the Minotaur." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 05 Feb 2023. Web. 27 Mar 2023.