Athena the Greek Goddess of Wisdom, War and the Crafts

Video

Kelly Macquire
by
published on 24 May 2022

Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, strategy, the crafts and weaving, and the defence of towns. She was a resourceful goddess, a favourite of her father Zeus, and often provided good counsel to other gods (including Zeus, the kings of the gods) and numerous Greek heroes. It is generally agreed throughout the ancient sources (although there are always variations), that Athena’s mother was Metis, the titan goddess of wisdom. Zeus swallowed Metis while she was pregnant with Athena, and eventually, Zeus gave birth to Athena when she sprang from the top of his head, fully grown, and often described as being clothed in full armour.

In June, the goddess would be honoured with the Panathenaea festival with the lesser Panathenaic festival happening every year, and the Greater Panathenaic festival happening every four years. It is said that her adopted son Erichthonios, one of the early kings of Greece, was the one who began the festival in her honour. The Panathenaea included a great procession through the city which led up to the ceremonial redressing of the great statue of Athena in the Parthenon with a new, specially woven peplos which is a long garment worn by women in Ancient Greece, crafted by some of the women in the city.

— THIS VIDEO WAS SPONSORED BY HISTORY HIT —
This video was kindly sponsored by History Hit, the "Netflix for History." Sign up with the voucher code WORLDHISTORY to receive 50% off your first three months: https://access.historyhit.com/?utm_source=whencyclopedia&utm_medium=Youtube&utm_campaign=whe

— SUPPORT US VIA OUR PATREON—
https://www.patreon.com/join/whencyclopedia

— BUY OUR MERCH —
https://www.worldhistory.store​/​

— LOVE MY GREEK POTTERY PRINT? FIND IT HERE! —
Aster and Selene Shop https://www.etsy.com/shop/AsterAndSelene
Aster and Selene Instagram https://www.instagram.com/asterandselene/

— CHAPTERS —
0:00​ Introduction
1:03 The Goddess Athena: Epithets and Symbols
3:29 Myths Associated with Athena
5:54 Athena’s Favour: Herakles & Jason and the Argonauts
7:15 Athena’s Wrath: Arachne and Medusa
10:29 Outro

— WANT TO KNOW MORE? —
Athena https://www.worldhistory.org/athena/
The Women of Athena's Cult https://www.worldhistory.org/article/74/the-women-of-athenas-cult/
Temple of Athena Nike https://www.worldhistory.org/article/62/temple-of-athena-nike/
Medusa https://www.worldhistory.org/Medusa/
Greek Mythology https://www.worldhistory.org/Greek_Mythology/
Parthenon https://www.worldhistory.org/parthenon/

— WATCH NEXT —
History of the Iliad and the Trojan War https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=38xMffvYdAo
Ares the God of War in Greek Mythology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RaGHa0G41VA
The Roles, Rights and Lives of Women in Ancient Greece https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5-ASzrpGZ-k
Ancient Greek Pottery: History, Development and Designs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7lWyqbYITQw
The 12 Olympians: The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greek Mythology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3k4w_yNlE1g

— ATTRIBUTIONS —
You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here - https://worldhistory.typehut.com/athena-the-greek-goddess-of-wisdom-war-and-the-crafts-images-and-attributions-9600

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:
https://www.ancientlyre.com
https://open.spotify.com/artist/7Dx2vFEg8DmOJ5YCRm4A5v?si=emacIH9CRieFNGXRUyJ9
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJ1X6F7lGMEadnNETSzTv8A

— THUMBNAIL IMAGE —
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bust_Athena_Velletri_Glyptothek_Munich_213.jpg
User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08
Public Domain - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jason_being_saved_by_Athena_from_the_dragon,_Attic_red-figured_kylix,_attributed_to_Douris,_480-470_BC,_inv._16545_-_Museo_Gregoriano_Etrusco_-_Vatican_Museums_-_DSC01046_(cropped).jpg
Daderot - own work
CC0 - https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.en

World History Encyclopedia
www.worldhistory.org

#athena #greekmythology #greekgoddess

Remove Ads

Advertisement

About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2022, May 24). Athena the Greek Goddess of Wisdom, War and the Crafts. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2773/athena-the-greek-goddess-of-wisdom-war-and-the-cra/

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Athena the Greek Goddess of Wisdom, War and the Crafts." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified May 24, 2022. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2773/athena-the-greek-goddess-of-wisdom-war-and-the-cra/.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Athena the Greek Goddess of Wisdom, War and the Crafts." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 24 May 2022. Web. 24 Jun 2022.

Membership