Ur was a city in the region of Sumer, southern Mesopotamia, and its ruins lie in what is modern-day Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq. According to biblical tradition, the city is named after the man who founded the first settlement there, Ur, though this has been challenged. The city is famous for its biblical associations and as an ancient trade center.

More about: Ur


  • c. 5000 BCE
    Sumer inhabited by Ubaid people.
  • c. 4000 BCE
    First settlement of Ur.
  • c. 2600 BCE - c. 2000 BCE
    The Royal Graves of Ur used in Sumer.
  • c. 2330 BCE
    Sargon of Akkad sacks Ur.
  • 2100 BCE
    Ziggurats in use in Sumerian cities of Eridu, Uruk, Ur, Nippur and elsewhere
  • c. 2100 BCE - c. 2050 BCE
    The Code of Ur-Nammu (the oldest extant code of laws) is written.
  • c. 2055 BCE - 2047 BCE
    Utu Hegal's reign over Sumerian and Akkadian cities.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    The Ur III Period in Sumer, known as the Sumerian Renaissance.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    Third dynasty of Ur.
  • 2047 BCE - 2030 BCE
    Ur-Nammu's reign over Sumer.
  • c. 2038 BCE
    King Shulgi of Ur builds his great wall in Sumer.
  • 2030 BCE - 1980 BCE
    Ur was reputed to be the largest city in the world.
  • c. 1750 BCE
    Elam conquers Ur.
  • 1000 BCE
    Chaldeans occupy Ur.
  • 450 BCE
    Ur is no longer inhabited, possibly due to drought or changing river patterns.