Cyprus Timeline

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  • c. 7000 BCE
    First human settlement of Cyprus.
  • 7000 BCE - 2500 BCE
    Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods on Cyprus.
  • 2500 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Bronze Age in Cyprus.
  • c. 1600 BCE - c. 1200 BCE
    Ugarit has close ties with Egypt and Cyprus.
  • 709 BCE - 699 BCE
    Cyprus pays tribute to the Assyrian Empire.
  • 560 BCE - 546 BCE
    Cyprus pays tribute to the Egyptian Empire.
  • 546 BCE
    The Persians occupy Cyprus, being invited by Cypriot leaders.
  • 478 BCE
    Spartan general Pausanias is given command of a force and takes both Cyprus and Byzantium.
  • 450 BCE
    Athenian general Cimon dies on Cyprus fighting the Persians.
  • 323 BCE
    Upon the death of Alexander the Great, Cyprus becomes part of the Ptolemaic Empire.
  • 306 BCE
    Demetrius I of Macedon defeats Ptolemy's fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus.
  • 58 BCE - 648 CE
    Cyprus is a Roman province.
  • 115 CE - 117 CE
    Cyprus suffers heavily in the Second Jewish-Roman War.
  • 648 CE - 965 CE
    Cyprus is under Arab rule.
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