Caesarion

Definition

Ptolemy XV Caesar “Theos Philopator Philometor” (“the Father-loving Mother-loving God”) (c. 47-30 BCE), better known by his unofficial nickname Caesarion or “Little Caesar” in Greek, was the oldest son of Cleopatra VII (69-30 BCE) and was the last Ptolemaic king of Egypt. Caesarion is usually assumed to have been the son of Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE) who had an intermittent affair with Cleopatra from their meeting in 47 BCE until his death in 44 BCE.

More about: Caesarion

Timeline

  • c. 69 BCE - 12 Aug 30 BCE
    Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
  • 23 Jun 47 BCE
    Birth of Cleopatra's son, named Caesarion; Caesar is said to be the father.
  • 46 BCE
    Cleopatra VII and her young son Caesarion visit Rome, residing in Julius Caesar's villa; Caesar dedicates a temple to Venus Genetrix with a controversial statue of Cleopatra as Isis-Venus within.
  • 15 Mar 44 BCE
    Julius Caesar is killed; Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV return to Egypt, where Ptolemy is soon killed and Caesarion recognized as king; first of a series of bad harvests.
  • 37 BCE
    Cleopatra VII and her son Caesarion meet Mark Antony in Antioch.
  • 34 BCE
    The Donations of Alexandria, an elaborate coronation ceremony in which Caesarion and Alexander Helios were named King of Kings and their mother Cleopatra VII was named Queen of Kings, took place in the Egyptian capital.
  • 2 Sep 31 BCE
    The Battle of Actium. Octavian defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII.
  • 1 Aug 30 BCE
    After Octavian has declined to negotiate, Cleopatra reportedly commits suicide; Mark Antony stabs himself, only later finding Cleopatra still lives, and dies.
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