Assur

Definition

Assur (also Ashur, Anshar) is the god of the Assyrians who was elevated from a local deity of the city of Ashur to the supreme god of the Assyrian pantheon. His attributes were drawn from earlier Sumerian and Babylonian deities and so he was, at once, a god of war, wisdom, justice, agriculture, and kingship among others.

More about: Assur

Timeline

  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    Assur is first attested to during the Ur III Period of Mesopotamian History.
  • c. 1900 BCE
    Assur credited as patron god of the City of Ashur in Mesopotamia.
  • 1792 BCE - 1750 BCE
    Worship of Assur overshadowed by Marduk during the reign of Hammurabi of Babylon.
  • c. 1300 BCE - c. 612 BCE
    Assur is recognized as the supreme god of the Assyrians who legitimizes their empire in Mesopotamia and beyond.
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