Agora

Definition

The term agora (pronounced ah-go-RAH) is Greek for 'open place of assembly' and, early in the history of Greece, designated the area in a city where free-born citizens could gather to hear civic announcements, muster for military campaigns, or discuss politics. It later designated the open-air marketplace of a city.

More about: Agora

Timeline

  • c. 7000 BCE - 5000 BCE
    Human habitation on the Acropolis and around the Agora of Athens continues from Neolithic Period.
  • c. 1700 BCE - c. 1100 BCE
    Mycenaean Period. Agora established at Athens.
  • c. 1100 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.
  • 560 BCE - 507 BCE
    Further development and expansion of the Agora of Athens.
  • 480 BCE
    Sack of Athens by the Persians under Xerxes. The Agora is destroyed.
  • 460 BCE - 429 BCE
    The Age of Pericles. Athenian Agora is rebuilt, construction of Parthenon.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Peloponnesian Wars which leave Athens defeated and the Agora damaged.
  • 2 Aug 338 BCE
    The Battle of Charonea gives Athens to the Macedonian victors. Agora takes on Macedonian characteristics.
  • 159 BCE - 138 BCE
    King Attalos II of Pergamon builds the great Stoa in the Agora of Athens.
  • 146 BCE
    Roman influence over Greece begins to rise.
  • 86 BCE
    Siege of Athens by the Roman general Sulla. Agora is destroyed.
  • 27 BCE - 14 CE
    Reign of Augustus Caesar. Athens and the Agora restored.
  • 117 CE - 138 CE
    Rule of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who supports great building projects in and around the Agora of Athens.
  • 267 CE
    Agora of Athens burned by invading Herulians.
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