Three Kingdoms Period in Korea Timeline

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  • 57 BCE - 668 CE
  • 57 BCE - 918 CE
    The Silla Kingdom rules in Korea, first as one of the Three Kingdoms and then alone from 668 CE.
  • 57 BCE - 4 CE
    Reign of traditional founder of Korea's Silla kingdom Hyeokgeose.
  • 37 BCE - 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom rules in northern Korea.
  • 37 BCE
    Traditional founding date of the Goguryeo Kindom in northern Korea.
  • 18 BCE
    Traditional founding date of the Baekje kingdom in Korea.
  • 18 BCE - 660 CE
    The Baekje Kingdom rules in western Korea.
  • 3 CE
    The Goguryeo capital is established at Gungnae.
  • 42 CE - 532 CE
    The Gaya (Kaya) Confederation rules in central Korea.
  • 53 CE - 146 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Taejo in northern Korea.
  • 179 CE - 196 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gogukcheon in northern Korea.
  • 234 CE - 286 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Goi in western Korea.
  • 313 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom conquers the last Chinese commandery at Lelang.
  • 314 CE
    Baekje conquers the Taebang commando in Korea.
  • 331 CE - 371 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gogugwon in northern Korea.
  • 342 CE
    Murong Huang invades Korea from China and sacks the Goguryeo capital of Gungnae, taking 50,000 inhabitants prisoner.
  • 346 CE - 375 CE
    Reign of the Baekje king Guenchogo in western Korea.
  • 371 CE
    Baekje conquers the Mahan federation and attacks Pyongyang, killing the Goguryeo king Gogugwon.
  • 372 CE
    A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
  • 375 CE
    The Sogi, a history of the Baekje Kingdom in Korea, is written.
  • 375 CE - 384 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Geungusu in western Korea.
  • 384 CE
    Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
  • 384 CE - 385 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Chimnyu in western Korea.
  • 391 CE - 413 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gwanggaeto the Great in northern Korea.
  • 413 CE - 491 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Jangsu in northern Korea.
  • 417 CE - 458 CE
    Reign of Silla king Nulji in south-eastern Korea.
  • 427 CE
    Pyongyang replaces Gungnae as the Goguryeo capital.
  • 433 CE - 553 CE
    Baekje forms an alliance with the Silla kingdom in Korea.
  • 458 CE - 500 CE
    Reign of Silla king Soji in south-eastern Korea.
  • 475 CE
    Goguryeo attacks the Baekje kingdom, killing the king Gaero and forcing the abandonment of Hansong, his capital.
  • 475 CE
    A new Baekje capital is established at Ungjin (modern Gongju/Kongju).
  • 479 CE - 501 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Dongseong in western Korea.
  • 500 CE - 514 CE
    Reign of Silla king Jijeung in south-eastern Korea.
  • 501 CE - 523 CE
    The Baekje king Muryeong reigns in western Korea.
  • 514 CE - 540 CE
    Reign of Silla king Beopheung in south-eastern Korea.
  • 520 CE
    Silla king Beopheung introduces the bone rank system (Golpum).
  • 523 CE - 554 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Seong in western Korean.
  • 525 CE
    The tomb of King Muryeong of Baekje is built near Gongju, Korea.
  • 532 CE
    Silla captures and destroys the Gaya city of Bon-Gaya in southern Korea.
  • 538 CE
    A new Baekje capital is established at Sabi (modern Buyeo/Puyo).
  • 554 CE
    The Silla kingdom attacks the Baekje kingdom and occupies the lower Han River valley.
  • 554 CE
    At the battle of Gwansan Fortress (modern Okcheon) the Baekje army is defeated by the Silla and King Seong is killed.
  • 562 CE
    Silla conquers the Gaya city of Daegaya in southern Korea.
  • 600 CE - 641 CE
    The Baekje king Mu reigns in western Korea.
  • 612 CE
    Goguryeo general Eulji Mundeok wins a great victory against the Chinese Sui at the battle of the Salsu River.
  • 628 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea builds a 480-km defensive wall as protection against attack from China.
  • 632 CE - 647 CE
    Reign of Silla queen Seondeok in south-eastern Korea.
  • 642 CE
    The Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms join forces against the Silla and conquer Taeya-song (modern Hapchon).
  • 642 CE - 668 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Bojang in northern Korea.
  • 644 CE
    A Goguryeo army defeats a combined Silla and Tang army.
  • 647 CE - 654 CE
    Reign of Silla queen Jindeok in south-eastern Korea.
  • 660 CE
    The Baekje kingdom in Korea falls to a joint Silla and Chinese Tang Dynasty army and naval attack.
  • 661 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army unsuccessfully besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang.
  • 663 CE
    A rebel Baekje army is finally crushed by the Silla in Korea, ending the Baekje kingdom.
  • 667 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang for a second time, this time successfully.
  • 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea collapses following an attack by the Tang Dynasty of China.
  • 675 CE
    A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battles of Maesosong.
  • 676 CE
    A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battle of Kibolpo, thus gaining control of the whole Korean peninsula.