Red Cloud


Red Cloud (Makhpiya-luta, l. 1822-1909) was an Oglala Lakota Sioux chief, statesman, and military strategist who became the only Native American leader of the Plains Indians to win a war against the United States. Red Cloud's War (1866-1868) forced the US government to agree to Native demands without stipulation, establishing the Great Sioux Reservation in 1868.

More about: Red Cloud


  • 1822 - 1909
    Life of Sioux chief Red Cloud.
  • 1850
    Red Cloud marries Pretty Owl.
  • 1866 - 1868
    Red Cloud's War.
  • 1870 - 1875
    Red Cloud travels to Washington, D.C. to negotiate with the US government.
  • 1873
    Red Cloud moves his people to reservation.
  • 1874 - 1909
    Red Cloud advocates for Sioux rights to the Black Hills and Native American rights.
  • 1909
    Red Cloud dies of natural causes at Pine Ridge Reservation.