Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator


Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (The Father-loving God, born 62/61 BCE, died 47 BCE) was pharaoh of Egypt from 51 BCE until his death. His reign began as co-ruler with his sister, the famous Cleopatra VII, following the wishes of their father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. Ptolemy battled with Julius Caesar for control of Egypt but was defeated at the Battle of the Nile in 47 BCE. He drowned, aged 15, while trying to escape the victorious Roman dictator.

More about: Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator


  • c. 62 BCE - 47 BCE
    Life of Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopater.
  • 51 BCE
    Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler.
  • 49 BCE
    Sole rule of Ptolemy XIII, recognized by both Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, and his opponent, Pompey the Great.
  • 48 BCE
    Cleopatra tries to return, but her army is defeated near Pelusium.
  • 48 BCE
    Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII.
  • 48 BCE
    Caesar arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband their armies, but instead, war breaks out.
  • Jan 47 BCE
    Ptolemy XIII drowns in the Nile fleeing Caesar.