Portuguese Angola


Portuguese Angola in southwest Africa was the first European colony on that continent. While settlement from 1571 proved problematic in the interior, the Portuguese did obtain a large number of slaves which they shipped to their Atlantic island colonies and to Portuguese Brazil right up to the end of the Atlantic slave trade in the 19th century.

More about: Portuguese Angola


  • 1571
    Foundation of the colony of Portuguese Angola.
  • 1575
    The Crown appoints a governor of Portuguese Angola.
  • 1576
    Luanda on the coast of Portuguese Angola is founded. It will be the capital and a major hub of the Atlantic slave trade.
  • 1621
    The Portuguese, with help from the Jaga, force the king of Ndongo to flee his kingdom in Portuguese Angola.
  • 1641
    A Dutch force takes over Luanda, capital of Portuguese Angola.
  • 1648
    A military froce from Portuguese Brazil recaptures Luanda, the capital of Portuguese Angola, from Dutch control.
  • 1665
    An alliance of Angolan tribes and the Portuguese defeat the Kingdom of Kongo at the Battle of Mbwila.
  • 1670
    A Portuguese force is defeated by the Kingdom of Kongo at Soyo.
  • 1676
    The first bishop is appointed at Luanda, capital of Portuguese Angola.
  • 1683
    A peace treaty is agreed between the Portuguese and the Matamba kingdom in Portuguese Angola. This ends the Angolan Wars.
  • 1853
    Brazil porhibits the importation of slaves, ending the slave trade from Portuguese Angola.
  • 1902 - 1915
    A series of rebellions within Portuguese Angola are put down.
  • 1951
    Angola becomes an Overseas Province of Portugal.
  • 1975
    Angola gains independence from Portugal.