Peter the Great

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Peter I of Russia (Peter the Great) was the Tsar of Russia from 1682-1721 and Emperor of Russia from 1721-1725. During his long reign, Peter had absolute power and brought real change to Russia, including building its first navy, introducing industrialisation, establishing educational institutions and creating the new Russian capital, St. Petersburg.

More about: Peter the Great


  • 30 May 1672 - 28 Jan 1725
    Life of Peter the Great.
  • 1676
    Tsar Alexis dies and Feodor becomes tsar.
  • 1682
    Tsar Feodor dies.
  • May 1682
    The Streltsy Revolt.
  • 6 Jul 1682
    The joint coronation of Peter the Great and Tsar Ivan.
  • Jun 1688
    Peter the Great sees an English boat which starts his dream of building his own navy.
  • 1689
    Sophia's regency ends.
  • 27 Jan 1689
    Peter the Great marries Eudoxia Lopukhina.
  • 1695
    The First Azov Campaign takes place.
  • 1696
    The Second Azov Campaign takes place.
  • 1696
    Tsar Ivan dies leaving Peter the sole ruler of Russia.
  • 1697 - 1698
    The Grand Embassy of Peter the Great across Western Europe.
  • 9 Mar 1697
    The Grand Embassy departs Moscow.
  • 7 Aug 1697
    Peter and the Grand Embassy arrive in Holland (Amsterdam).
  • 7 Jan 1698
    Peter leaves Holland and travels to England.
  • 11 Jan 1698
    Peter arrives in London, England.
  • 23 Jan 1698
    Peter pays a formal visit to King William III of England at Kensington Palace.
  • 3 Mar 1698
    William III of England gifts Peter a royal yacht.
  • 18 Apr 1698
    Peter meets with King William III for the last time.
  • 2 May 1698
    Peter leaves England and returns to Holland.
  • 15 May 1698
    The Grand Embassy leaves Holland and travels to Vienna, Austria.
  • 19 Jul 1698
    Peter leaves Vienna and travels to Poland.
  • 4 Sep 1698
    The Grand Embassy arrives back in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1699
    The Treaty of Carlowitz is signed with the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1700 - 1721
    The Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden.
  • 1701
    The Monastery Office is formed.
  • 1702
    Peter the Great welcomes foreigners to Russia.
  • 1703
    Construction of St. Petersburg begins at the River Neva.
  • 1703
    The first Russian newspaper is published.
  • 1704
    Grand Duchess Sophia, the former regent of Russia, dies.
  • 1707
    Peter the Great secretly marries Marta Skavronskaya (Catherine I of Russia).
  • 1707
    The first hospital is built in Moscow.
  • 1707
    The Russian alphabet is reformed.
  • 1708
    Peter the Great splits Russia into eight provincial governorates.
  • 1711
    The Russian Senate is created.
  • 1712
    Peter the Great and Marta Skavronskaya (Catherine I of Russia) marry for the second time - this time publicly.
  • 1712
    St. Petersburg becomes the new capital city of Russia.
  • 1714
    Peter the Great orders that mathematics teachers teach the children of the landowners.
  • 1715
    Peter the Great creates the Inspector General of Decrees to oversee the Senate.
  • 1715
    Peter the Great decrees that all towns would have hospitals.
  • 1718
    Feofan Prokopovich is made the Chief Ecclesiastical Advisor of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • 1718
    Peter the Great establishes nine colleges.
  • 1720
    Peter the Great orders the Senate to establish the General Master of Petitions.
  • 1721
    The Spiritual Regulation is established in Russia.
  • 1722
    The Table of Ranks is introduced in Russia.
  • 1725
    Marta Skavronskaya becomes empress of Russia as Catherine I of Russia.
  • 28 Jan 1725
    Peter the Great dies.