Norman Conquest of England


The Norman Conquest of England (1066-71) was led by William the Conqueror who defeated King Harold II at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The Anglo-Saxon elite lost power as William redistributed land to his fellow Normans. Crowned William I of England (r. 1066-1087) on Christmas Day, the new order would take five years to fully control England.

More about: Norman Conquest of England


  • 1042 - 1066
    Reign of Edward the Confessor, king of England.
  • 1051
    William, Duke of Normandy, visits Edward the Confessor who, according to Norman sources, promises William the crown of England.
  • 1057
    Edgar Ætheling and his sisters Margaret and Cristina return from exile in Hungary to England.
  • Mar 1064
    Possible visit to Normandy by Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex. Norman writers would claim he was captured and held by William the Conqueror until he promised to be the Norman's vassal in England.
  • 1065
    A revolt in Northumbria against Tostig, the Earl of Northumbria, is put down by Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex.
  • 6 Jan 1066
    Harold Godwinson is crowned Harold II, king of England, probably in Westminster Abbey.
  • 6 Jan 1066 - 14 Oct 1066
    Reign of Harold Godwinson, Harold II, king of England.
  • Aug 1066
    William, Duke of Normandy, prepares his invasion fleet to conquer England.
  • 20 Sep 1066
    Battle of Fulford Gate in which a force led by Harald Hardrada defeats an Anglo-Saxon army led by the Earls of Northumbria and Mercia.
  • 25 Sep 1066
    Battle of Stamford Bridge in which Harold Godwinson (Harold II) defeats an invading army led by Harald Hardrada, king of Norway.
  • 28 Sep 1066
    William the Conqueror's invading army lands at Pevensey in Sussex, southern England.
  • Oct 1066
    The Normans introduce motte and bailey castles to Britain.
  • Oct 1066 - 20 Dec 1066
    William the Conqueror marches on London, capturing Romney, Dover, Canterbury and Winchester on his circuitous route.
  • 14 Oct 1066
    The Battle of Hastings in which William, Duke of Normandy, defeats King Harold II of England.
  • 25 Dec 1066
    William the Conqueror is crowned William I, king of England, in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1067 - 1079
    The Bayeux Tapestry depicting the Norman Conquest of Anglo-Saxon Britain is made.
  • 1068
    Edgar Ætheling and his sisters Margaret and Cristina flee to Scotland.
  • 1068
    A motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
  • 1068
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Warwick, Warwickshire, England.
  • Jan 1068
    Exeter and its Anglo-Saxon rebels surrender to William the Conqueror after an 18-day siege.
  • 11 May 1068
    Mathilda, wife of William the Conqueror, is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1069
    A second motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
  • Jan 1069
    Northumbrian Anglo-Saxon rebels sack Durham and York.
  • 21 Sep 1069
    A Viking force led by King Sweyn II of Denmark's brother Asbjorn sacks York.
  • Nov 1069 - Mar 1070
    William the Conqueror's 'harrying of the north'.
  • c. 1070
    The Normans build the motte and bailey Pickering Castle, Yorkshire, England.
  • c. 1070
    William the Conqueror builds a motte and bailey castle at Windsor.
  • May 1070
    King Sweyn II of Denmark joins forces with Anglo-Saxon rebels led by Hereward the Wake to threaten East Anglia in England.
  • Jun 1070
    Peterborough Abbey is attacked and looted by Anglo-Saxon rebels led by Hereward the Wake.
  • Jun 1071
    William the Conqueror defeats the last Anglo-Saxon Rebellion at Ely Abbey in East Anglia.
  • 1075
    The future William II of England campaigns with success in Wales, subduing the Welsh king Caradog ap Gruffudd.
  • 1086 - 1087
    The Domesday Book is compiled in Norman Britain by William the Conqueror.
  • 1088
    Rebels, led by Odo of Bayeux, are defeated and Rochester Castle is besieged and taken by William II of England.
  • c. 1093
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Caernarfon in Wales by the Normans.