Near East Timeline

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  • 10000 BCE
    Beginnings of agriculture in the Middle East.
  • 8000 BCE
    Ovens in use in the Near East are applied to pottery production.
  • 7700 BCE
    First domesticated wheats in the Fertile Crescent.
  • 7000 BCE
    Domestication of goats.
  • 5000 BCE
    Irrigation and agriculture begin in earnest in Mesopotamia.
  • 853 BCE
    Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
  • 850 BCE
    Medes migrate into Iran from Asia.
  • 750 BCE
    Persians migrate into Iran from Asia.
  • 734 BCE
    Babylon is captured by Chaldeans.
  • 729 BCE
    Babylon is occupied by Assyrians.
  • 722 BCE - 705 BCE
    Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II.
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