Mesopotamian Art and Architecture Timeline

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  • c. 5000 BCE - 651 CE
    Art and architecture becomes fully developed throughout Mesopotamia's history.
  • c. 5000 BCE - 4100 BCE
    Art and architecture develops during the Ubaid Period in Mesopotamia.
  • 4100 BCE - 2900 BCE
    The Warka Vase and Mask of Warka are among the great art works of the Uruk Period; arch is first used in buildings.
  • 2900 BCE - 2334 BCE
    Ziggurats are further developed along with temple and palace complexes during the Early Dynastic Period; artworks include the Royal Standard of Ur.
  • 2334 BCE - 2218 BCE
    Art and architecture are further refined in the Akkadian Period; figures cast in metal become more common.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    During the Ur III Period, the Great Ziggurat of Ur is completed; foundation figures and votive figures are more detailed.
  • c. 2000 BCE - 1600 BCE
    Monumental architecture continues to develop during the Old Babylonian Period; stele crafted in detail to explicitly honor gods.
  • c. 1307 BCE - 612 BCE
    During the Assyrian and Neo-Assyrian periods, some of the most famous wall reliefs are created for the palaces of the kings.
  • 626 BCE - 539 BCE
    The Ishtar Gate of Babylon is built during the Neo-Babylonian Period.
  • c. 550 BCE - 651 CE
    The Achaemenid through the Sassanian Persian empires continue the legacy of the art and architecture of Mesopotamia.