Magadha Kingdom


Magadha was an ancient kingdom located on the Indo-Gangetic plains in eastern India and spread over what is today the modern state of Bihar. At the height of its power, it claimed suzerainty over the entire eastern part of the country (roughly the area of England) and ruled from its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna, Bihar).

More about: Magadha Kingdom


  • 544 BCE - 492 BCE
    Bimbisara rules the Magadha kingdom in India.
  • 543 BCE - 492 BCE
    King Bimbisara begins Magadha kingdom's conquests by annexing the kingdom of Anga in eastern India.
  • 492 BCE - 460 BCE
    Ajatashatru rules the Magadha Kingdom in India.
  • 414 BCE - 396 BCE
    The Magadha king Shishunaga annexes the kingdom of Avanti, ending the dynastic rule of the Pradyotas.
  • 413 BCE - 345 BCE
    The Shishunaga Dynasty rules the Magadha Kingdom.
  • 413 BCE - 345 BCE
    The Shishunaga Dynasty rules the Magadha Kingdom.
  • c. 400 BCE
    First Buddhist Council at Rajgir, Bihar, India; teachings and monastic discipline agreed to and codified.
  • c. 346 BCE - c. 324 BCE
    Magadha's king Mahapadma Nanda makes massive conquests in north and eastern India including Kosala.
  • Sep 326 BCE
    Alexander the Great halts his eastward march and turns back from the banks of the river Beas, Punjab, India.
  • 321 BCE
    Dhana Nanda, king of Magadha, is killed by Chandragupta Maurya.
  • 133 BCE - 123 BCE
    Magadha king Vasumitra defeats the Indo-Greeks at the banks of the Indus.
  • c. 335 CE - c. 380 CE
    Regarded as the "Indian Napoleon", the Gupta emperor Samudragupta, ruling from Magadha, subdues kings in nearly all corners of India and annexes kingdoms adjacent to Magadha.
  • 510 CE - 540 CE
    The Huns are defeated by King Baladitya of Magadha and later by King Yashodharman of Malwa.