Louis-Antoine de Saint-Just

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Definition

Louis-Antoine de Saint-Just (1767-1794) was a prominent figure of the French Revolution (1789-1799). After his election to the National Convention in September 1792, he led the push for the execution of King Louis XVI of France (r. 1774-1792) and was instrumental in the drafting of radical Jacobin legislation like the Ventôse Decrees and the Constitution of 1793.

More about: Louis-Antoine de Saint-Just

Timeline

  • 25 Aug 1767
    Louis-Antoine-Leon de Saint-Just, future Jacobin leader in the French Revolution, is born in central France.
  • Oct 1786 - Apr 1787
    Saint-Just spends six months in a reformatory after running away to Paris with his mother's silver.
  • 14 Jul 1790
    Saint-Just attends the Festival of the Federation as a lieutenant-colonel in the National Guard.
  • Sep 1792
    Shortly after turning 25, Saint-Just is elected to the National Convention. He is the youngest member.
  • 13 Nov 1792
    Saint-Just gives his maiden speech, arguing for the immediate execution of King Louis XVI of France.
  • 30 May 1793
    Saint-Just is added to the Committee of Public Safety.
  • Oct 1793 - Dec 1793
    Saint-Just and Le Bas go to Alsace to discipline the French Army of the Rhine.
  • 6 Oct 1793
    Saint-Just and his colleagues finish work on the Constitution of 1793, the most democratic constitution of its day, after only 8 days.
  • 19 Feb 1794 - 6 Mar 1794
    Saint-Just serves as president of the National Convention, drafts the radical Ventôse Decrees.
  • 5 Apr 1794
    Saint-Just plays a major role in the downfall and execution of Georges Danton; his zealous support for the Reign of Terror earns him the nickname "Archangel of Terror".
  • 24 Jun 1794
    The French are victorious at the Battle of Fleurus; their armies remain ascendent for the rest of the War of the First Coalition.
  • 27 Jul 1794
    Robespierre and his followers are denounced by the National Convention and declared to be outlaws.
  • 28 Jul 1794
    Execution of Robespierre, Saint-Just, and Couthon; end to the Terror, beginning of the Thermidorian Reaction.
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