Little Wolf (Eastman's Biography)


Little Wolf (Ohcumgache, also known as Little Coyote, l. c. 1820-1904) was a Northern Cheyenne chief and holy man, best known for his role in the Northern Cheyenne Exodus of 1878 but also recognized for his resistance to US westward expansion between 1866-1876. Prior to his 1879 surrender, he was among the greatest Cheyenne chiefs of his time.

More about: Little Wolf (Eastman's Biography)


  • c. 1820 - 1904
    Life of Cheyenne Chief and holy man Little Wolf (Little Coyote).
  • 1866 - 1868
    Little Wolf fights in Red Cloud's War.
  • 1868
    Little Wolf signs the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 promising the Sioux their lands.
  • c. 1868 - 1876
    Little Wolf resumes hostilities with the US military once the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 is broken by the US government.
  • 25 Nov 1876
    Little Wolf and Morning Star (Dull Knife) are defeated at the Battle on the Red Fork (Dull Knife Fight).
  • Apr 1877
    Little Wolf and his people are forcibly removed to "Indian Territory" in modern-day Oklahoma.
  • 1878
    Cheyenne chiefs Morning Star (Dull Knife) and Little Wolf lead their people from the Oklahoma Reservation back to ancestral lands in the Northern Cheyenne Exodus.
  • 1879
    Little Wolf is forced to surrender and is then forced to become a scout for the US military; takes up drinking whiskey.
  • 1880 - 1904
    Little Wolf lives in semi-exile until his death on the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Montana.
  • Dec 1880
    Little Wolf shoots and kills his friend Starving Elk while drunk; is stripped of his chiefdom and exiles himself from his people.