King Stephen of England Timeline

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  • c. 1097
    King Stephen of England is born in Blois, France.
  • 1102
    Matilda (aka Empress Matilda), daughter of Henry I of England, is born. With no male heir, the king nominates her as his successor.
  • c. 1125
    Future King Stephen of England marries Matilda of Boulogne.
  • 1135 - 1154
    Reign of King Stephen of England (aka Stephen of Blois) with a brief interruption in 1141 CE.
  • 1 Dec 1135
    Henry I of England dies of natural causes at Saint Denis-le-Fermont in Rouen, Normandy.
  • 26 Dec 1135
    Stephen of Blois is crowned king of England in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1136
    David I of Scotland invades northern England.
  • 1137
    King Stephen of England invades Normandy but is forced to withdraw due to lack of baronial support.
  • 1138
    David I of Scotland invades northern England for a second time.
  • Apr 1138
    An uprising by followers of Robert Fitzroy, Earl of Gloucester, is quashed by King Stephen of England.
  • 22 Aug 1138
    King Stephen of England wins a decisive victory against David I of Scotland near Northallerton in Yorkshire at the battle of the Standard.
  • 1139
    King Stephen of England arrests Roger, Bishop of Salisbury on suspicious of treason.
  • 2 Feb 1141
    King Stephen of England loses the battle of Lincoln to the Earl of Chester.
  • Apr 1141
    Robert Fitzroy, Earl of Gloucester, arrests and imprisons King Stephen of England.
  • 8 Apr 1141
    Empress Matilda is elected queen of England at Winchester.
  • 1 Nov 1141
    Empress Matilda, then queen, is obliged to release King Stephen of England in exchange for Robert Fitzroy, the Earl of Gloucester’s freedom.
  • 25 Dec 1141
    King Stephen of England receives a second coronation, this time in Canterbury Cathedral.
  • Dec 1142
    Empress Matilda is besieged at Oxford, only to escape in a snowstorm by wearing a white cloak.
  • 1146
    The Welsh brothers Cadell ap Gruffydd and Maredudd win victories against armies of King Stephen of England.
  • 1147
    Death of Robert Fitzroy, Earl of Gloucester, one of the main rivals to King Stephen of England.
  • 1147
    Henry of Anjou (future Henry II of England) invades England but runs out of money and is forced to withdraw.
  • 1149
    Henry of Anjou (future Henry II of England) attacks the north of England with the assistance of David I of Scotland but is defeated by King Stephen of England.
  • 1153
    Henry of Anjou (future Henry II of England) invades England.
  • 6 Nov 1153
    King Stephen of England signs with Henry of Anjou (future Henry II of England) the Treaty of Wallingford which recognises Henry as Stephen's heir.
  • 25 Oct 1154
    King Stephen of England dies at Dover.
  • 19 Dec 1154
    Henry of Anjou is crowned king of England at Westminster Abbey to become Henry II of England.