John Winthrop

Definition

John Winthrop (l. c. 1588-1649 CE) was an English lawyer best known as the Puritan leader of the first large wave of the Great Migration of Puritans from England to North America in 1630 CE and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (founded in 1628 CE) which they settled and expanded upon, and the founder of the city of Boston. Winthrop is also known for the conflicts between his government and religious dissenters such as Roger Williams (l. 1603-1683 CE), Anne Hutchinson (l. 1591-1643 CE), and Thomas Hooker (l. 1586-1647 CE), who were expelled by the colony and settled the regions now known as Rhode Island and Connecticut.

More about: John Winthrop

Timeline

  • c. 1558 - 1649
    Life of John Winthrop, governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1605
    John Winthrop marries his first wife, Mary Forth.
  • 1615
    John Winthrop's first wife, Mary Forth dies; he marries his second wife Thomasine Clopton.
  • 1616
    John Winthrop's second wife, Thomasine Clopton, dies in childbirth.
  • 1618
    John Winthrop marries his third wife, Margaret Tyndal.
  • 1630
    John Winthrop migrates to North America with 700 Puritan colonists to become governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1630 - 1649
    John Winthrop serves as governor or assistant governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1630
    John Winthrop delivers his famous sermon 'A Model of Christian Charity' either before leaving England or en route to North America.
  • 1636 - 1638
    John Winthrop presides over proceedings concerning the Antinomian Controversy; Anne Hutchinson and others banished from colony.
  • 1636 - 1638
    The Pequot War; John Winthrop presides over policy concerning the massacre and enslavement of the Pequot tribe.
  • 1645
    John Winthrop delivers his 'A Little Speech on Liberty' after his authority as a magistrate is challenged.
  • 1647
    John Winthrop's third wife, Margaret, dies and he marries his fourth, Martha Rainsborough.
  • 1649
    John Winthrop dies at Boston from natural causes.
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