Hundred Days

Definition

The Hundred Days refers to the second reign of French Emperor Napoleon I, who unexpectedly returned from exile to reclaim the French throne. It encompasses Napoleon's triumphant return to Paris on 20 March 1815, his climactic defeat at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June, and the restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July, a period of 110 days.

More about: Hundred Days

Timeline

  • 20 Apr 1814
    Napoleon leaves Fontainebleau for his exile on the island of Elba.
  • 3 May 1814 - 26 Feb 1815
    Duration of Napoleon's first exile on Elba.
  • Sep 1814
    The Congress of Vienna is convened.
  • 1 Mar 1815
    Napoleon lands in southern France with his staff and 1,000 soldiers.
  • 7 Mar 1815
    Napoleon enters Grenoble.
  • 13 Mar 1815
    The great powers of Europe declare Napoleon an outlaw; the War of the Seventh Coalition begins.
  • 20 Mar 1815
    Napoleon enters Paris and begins his second reign; the official start of the Hundred Days period.
  • 18 Jun 1815
    The Battle of Waterloo is fought in Belgium; Napoleon is decisively defeated by the forces of Wellington and Bl├╝cher.
  • 22 Jun 1815
    Napoleon abdicates his imperial throne for the second time.
  • 8 Jul 1815
    King Louis XVIII is restored to the French throne; end of both the Hundred Days period and the Napoleonic Era.
  • 15 Jul 1815
    At Rochefort, Napoleon surrenders to British Captain Frederick Maitland of the HMS Bellerophon.
  • Oct 1815 - May 1821
    Duration of Napoleon's second and final exile on the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic.
  • 7 Dec 1815
    Michel Ney, marshal of the French Empire, is executed by firing squad for treason.
  • 5 May 1821
    Death of Napoleon Bonaparte on the island of St. Helena, aged 51.
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