Holy Roman Empire

Definition

The Holy Roman Empire officially lasted from 962 to 1806. It was one of Europe’s largest medieval and early modern states, but its power base was unstable and continually shifting. The Holy Roman Empire was not a unitary state, but a confederation of small and medium-sized political entities.

More about: Holy Roman Empire

Timeline

  • 751 - 887
    Reign of the Carolingian Dynasty in Francia and the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 20 Jun 840
    Louis the Pious, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor, dies.
  • 843 - 855
    Reign of Lothar I as Holy Roman Emperor and King of Middle Francia (Lotharingia).
  • 855 - 875
    Reign of Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 875 - 877
    Reign of Charles the Bald as Holy Roman Emperor and King of Italy.
  • 881 - 887
    Reign of Charles the Fat as Holy Roman Emperor.
  • Nov 887
    The Carolingian Empire collapses after Charles the Fat is deposed by nobles from around the empire.
  • 919 - 1024
    Reign of the Ottonian Dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 962 - 973
    Reign of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 973 - 983
    Reign of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 996 - 1002
    Reign of Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1014 - 1024
    Reign of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1024 - 1125
    Reign of the Salian Dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1027 - 1039
    Reign of Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1046 - 1056
    Reign of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1076 - 1122
    The Investiture Controversy between the Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy over the practice of lay investiture.
  • 1077 - 1088
    The Great Saxon Revolt against Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1084 - 1105
    Reign of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1111 - 1125
    Reign of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1122
    The Concordat of Worms defines the secular and religious aspects of lay investiture, concluding the dispute of Investiture Controversy.
  • 1138 - 1254
    Reign of the Staufer (Hohenstaufen) Dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1347 - 1437
    Reign of the Luxembourg Dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1438 - 1806
    Reign of the Habsburg Dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire.
Membership