Gupta Empire Timeline

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  • c. 200 BCE - c. 600 CE
    Construction of the 30 Buddhist cave-shrines at Ajanta, many of which display features of Gupta architecture.
  • 320 CE
    Gupta I founds the Gupta Empire in northern India
  • c. 320 CE - c. 550 CE
    Gupta period, considered a golden age of ancient India in art and architecture.
  • c. 335 CE - c. 380 CE
    Regarded as the "Indian Napoleon", the Gupta emperor Samudragupta, ruling from Magadha, subdues kings in nearly all corners of India and annexes kingdoms adjacent to Magadha.
  • 380 CE - 415 CE
    Reign of Chandra Gupta II in northern India.
  • 395 CE - 400 CE
    The Gupta emperor Chandragupta II Vikramaditya defeats Shakas and thereby gains access to the commercially important seaports on the western coast.
  • 401 CE
    The earliest inscribed date in the Gupta-era cave-shrines at Udayagiri.
  • 455 CE - 457 CE
    The Gupta emperor Skandagupta Kramaditya defeats the Huns.
  • c. 480 CE - c. 500 CE
    The Gupta-era Hindu temple at Bhitargaon is built.
  • 484 CE - 510 CE
    The Huns conquer western and central India and fight a battle with the Guptas. The Gupta general Goparaja dies in the encounter.
  • c. 550 CE
    The end of the reign of Visnugupta Chandraditya, last of the Gupta rulers in northern India.