Ancient Greek Literature


Greek literature has influenced not only its Roman neighbors to the west but also countless generations across the European continent. Greek writers are responsible for the introduction of such genres as poetry, tragedy, comedy, and western philosophy to the world. These Greeks authors were born not only on the soil of their native Greece but also in Asia Minor (Ionia), the islands of the Aegean, Sicily, and southern Italy.

More about: Ancient Greek Literature


  • c. 800 BCE - c. 700 BCE
    Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Greek poet Hesiod writes his Theogony and Works and Days.
  • c. 620 BCE - c. 570 BCE
    Life of Sappho of Lesbos.
  • c. 525 BCE - c. 456 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
  • c. 496 BCE - c. 406 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
  • c. 484 BCE - 407 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 380 BCE
    Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 399 BCE
    Life of Thucydides.
  • c. 430 BCE - 415 BCE
    The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
  • c. 371 BCE
    Composition of Xenophon's memorabilia.
  • 370 BCE
    Composition of Xenophon's Anabasis.
  • c. 350 BCE
    Aristoxenos writes his theory of music treatise 'Harmonic Elements'.
  • c. 340 BCE
    The Greek poet and scholar Philitas is born on Kos.
  • c. 200 BCE - c. 118 BCE
    Life of the historian Polybius.
  • 146 BCE
    Polybius writes his Histories about the Roman conquest of Greece.