Greek Government Timeline

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  • 683 BCE - 682 BCE
    List of annual archons at Athens begins.
  • c. 660 BCE
    Pheidon is tyrant in Argos.
  • c. 657 BCE - 585 BCE
    The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
  • c. 621 BCE
    Draco produces a new law code in Athens.
  • 594 BCE - 593 BCE
    In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
  • 585 BCE
    An oligarchy of 80 takes power at Corinth.
  • c. 570 BCE - c. 549 BCE
    The tyrant Phalaris rules Agrigento, expanding its territory.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
  • 535 BCE - 522 BCE
    Polycrates rules as tyrant of Samos.
  • c. 524 BCE - c. 460 BCE
    Life of Athenian general and statesman Themistocles.
  • 514 BCE
    Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
  • 514 BCE
    The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
  • c. 508 BCE
    Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
  • c. 508 BCE
    According to Aristotle, the institution of ostracism is introduced in Athens under Cleisthenes.
  • 493 BCE
    Themistocles is made archon in Athens.
  • c. 489 BCE - c. 473 BCE
    The tyrant Theron rules Agrigento.
  • 487 BCE - 486 BCE
    Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
  • c. 487 BCE
    The first ostracism vote takes place in Athens and Hipparchus is exiled.
  • 482 BCE
    Aristides is voted in an ostracism in Athens and exiled from the city.
  • c. 480 BCE
    The Tyrant Kadmos permits the establishment of democratic government on Kos.
  • c. 471 BCE
    The general and statesman Themistocles is voted in an ostracism and exiled from Athens.
  • 463 BCE
    Pericles leads a prosecution of Cimon on charges of corruption but he is acquitted.
  • c. 462 BCE - 458 BCE
    Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
  • 462 BCE - 461 BCE
    Radicalisation of democracy in Athens; Cimon exiled, Pericles comes to exercise influence.
  • 461 BCE
    Cimon is voted in an ostracism in Athens and exiled from the city.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 320 CE
    Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
  • 447 BCE - 386 BCE
    The Boeotian federation has a minimum property requirement for participation in the democratic assembly.
  • c. 417 BCE
    In the last recorded ostracism the demagogue Hyperbolos is exiled from Athens.
  • 411 BCE
    The oligarchy of the 400 take over the democracy in Athens and in a matter of months is replaced by an oligarchy of 5000.
  • 405 BCE
    Dionysius becomes tyrant in Syracuse, Sicily.
  • 404 BCE
    End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
  • 403 BCE
    Restoration of the democracy in Athens, death of the tyrant Critias.
  • 367 BCE
    Dionysius II becomes tyrant of Syracuse, Sicily.
  • 355 BCE
    Demosthenes begins to deliver speeches in the Athenian assembly.
  • 344 BCE
    Timoleon defeats Dionysius II of Syracuse and establishes an oligarchy government.
  • 318 BCE
    Phocion is tried for treason and sentenced to death by poisoning.