The Goths

Definition

The Goths were a Germanic tribe who are frequently referenced for their part in the fall of the Roman Empire and their subsequent rise to power in the region of northern Europe, initially in Italy. Prior to their contact with Rome they must have had a long history but there is no written record of it.

More about: The Goths

Timeline

  • 75 CE
    Goths mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his writings.
  • 98 CE
    Goths mentioned by Tacitus in his work `Germania'.
  • 238 CE
    First Gothic invasion of Rome at Histia.
  • 244 CE
    The Battle of Misiche.
  • 251 CE
    Gothic victory over Roman army at the Battle of Abritus.
  • 257 CE - 263 CE
    The Goths raid Greece.
  • 262 CE
    The Library of Celsus at Ephesos destroyed by fire during invasion by the Goths.
  • c. 267 CE
    The Goths plunder and destroy the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.
  • 267 CE
    The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
  • 350 CE
    Christian missionary Ulfilas translates Bible from Greek to Gothic language.
  • 367 CE - 369 CE
    Roman invasions of Gothic territories.
  • c. 370 CE
    Gothic Civil War between Athanaric and Fritigern.
  • 376 CE
    The Goths cross the Danube.
  • c. 376 CE
    Hun invasion drives Goths toward Rome.
  • 376 CE
    Fritigern leads his people into Roman Thrace.
  • 378 CE - 382 CE
    First Gothic War with Rome.
  • 378 CE
    The Battle of Adrianople where Goth army defeats the Romans.
  • 378 CE
    Fritigern defeats Roman emperor Valens at the Battle of Adrianople.
  • 395 CE
    Epidaurus destroyed by invading Goths.
  • 434 CE - 453 CE
    Reign of Attila the Hun who divides the Goths further.
  • 476 CE - 493 CE
    Reign of Germanic king Odoacer in Italy, Visigoths given land.
  • 493 CE - 526 CE
    Reign of Theodoric the Great, the Ostrogothic king, in Italy.
  • 535 CE - 554 CE
    Second Gothic War with Rome.
  • 552 CE
    The Battle of Taginae, death of Goth general Totila.
  • 553 CE
    The Battle of Mons Lactarius; Goths defeated by the Eastern Roman Empire.
  • 562 CE
    Goths dispersed throughout Europe.
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