Chinese Warfare Timeline

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  • 771 BCE
    Following nomadic attacks in the west, the Chinese Zhou dynasty moves its capital east to Luoyang. Beginning of Eastern Zhou Period.
  • c. 481 BCE - 221 BCE
  • 278 BCE
    The Qin state captures Ying, the capital of the Chu state.
  • 262 BCE - 260 BCE
    The Battle of Changping, one of the most important battles in the Warring States Period in China between Zhao and Qin.
  • 256 BCE
    The army of the state of Qin captures the city of Chengzhou and the last Zhou ruler, King Nan, is killed. End of the Zhou Dynasty.
  • 230 BCE - 221 BCE
    King Ying Zheng of Qin defeats the other warring states, claims Mandate of Heaven to rule China.
  • c. 221 BCE
    Construction of Northern Frontier wall by Shi Huangdi, First Emperor of China, precursor to Great Wall.
  • c. 218 BCE
    Construction of the Great Wall of China is initiated.
  • 210 BCE
    First Emperor of China Shi Huangdi dies, buried with army of 8,000 terracotta warriors in palace tomb.
  • 202 BCE
    The Battle of Gaixia, Chu forces defeated by the Han.
  • 117 BCE - 100 BCE
    Han emperors extend the western part of the Great Wall of China.
  • 109 BCE
    Chinese Han Empire conquers the kingdom of Tien.
  • 108 BCE
    Wiman Joseon is conquered by the Han dynasty.
  • 104 BCE - 101 BCE
    The War of the Heavenly Horses, general Li Guangli forces the city of Da Yuan (Alexandria Eschate) into tributary status.
  • 23 CE
    The sack of Chang'an, imperial capital of China.
  • 189 CE
    Luoyang, the Han capital, is sacked by the Chinese warlord Dong Zhuo.
  • 304 CE
    The nomadic Xiongu break through the Great Wall of China.
  • 612 CE
    Goguryeo general Eulji Mundeok wins a great victory against the Chinese Sui at the battle of the Salsu River.
  • 640 CE - 649 CE
    Taizong's military campaigns in the Tarim Basin which is annexed to China.
  • 644 CE
    A Goguryeo army defeats a combined Silla and Tang army.
  • 660 CE
    The Baekje kingdom in Korea falls to a joint Silla and Chinese Tang Dynasty army and naval attack.
  • 661 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army unsuccessfully besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang.
  • 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea collapses following an attack by the Tang Dynasty of China.
  • 675 CE
    A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battles of Maesosong.
  • 676 CE
    A Silla army defeats a Tang force at the battle of Kibolpo, thus gaining control of the whole Korean peninsula.
  • 732 CE
    Balhae attacks by sea the Chinese port of Dengzhou.
  • 843 CE
    The Tang empire attacks and kills 10,000 Uyghur tribespeople in Inner Mongolia.
  • 1004 CE
    Treaty of Shanyuan which brings peace between the Liao dynasty and Song dynasty of China with the latter compelled to pay annual tribute.
  • 1044 CE
    Defeat to the Xia state results in China's Song dynasty paying tribute.
  • 1125 CE
    The Jin state attacks Song China.
  • 1125 CE
    The Jurchen Jin state invades Song China necessitating the latter to move south and form the Southern Song dynasty.
  • 1141 CE
    A peace treaty is signed betwwen the (southern) Song Dynasty and Jin state.
  • 1273 CE
    Xiangyang falls into Mongol hands.
  • 1275 CE - 1279 CE
    The Mongols led by Kublai Khan attack and conquer the last remnants of Song China.