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The carrack (nao in Spanish, nau in Portuguese, and nef in French) was a type of large sailing vessel used for exploration, to carry cargo and as a warship in the 15th and 16th centuries. Famous carracks include the Santa Maria of Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) and the Victoria, which completed the first circumnavigation of the globe in 1522.

More about: Carrack


  • 1460
    The Santa Maria is launched in Pontevedra in Galicia, northern Spain. It will be Christopher Columbus' flagship when he sails to the Americas in 1492.
  • 1511
    The English carrack warship the Mary Rose is launched in Portsmouth.
  • 1519
    The carrack Victoria is launched in Gipzkoa in Spain. It will be the only ship of Ferdinand Magellan's fleet to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 19 Jul 1545
    Henry VIII of England's vice-flagship the carrack Mary Rose sinks in the Solent.
  • 3 Aug 1592
    A fleet of English ships funded by Sir Walter Raleigh captures the Portuguese treasure ship, the carrack Madre de Deus.